|Flow Cytometry (Flow)||0.5 µg/test|
|Tested Species reactivity||Human|
|Host / Isotype||Mouse / IgG1, kappa|
|Storage buffer||PBS, pH 7.2, with 0.1% gelatin|
|Contains||0.09% sodium azide|
|Storage conditions||4° C, store in dark, DO NOT FREEZE!|
Description: The IP26 monoclonal antibody reacts with the alpha beta chain of human TCR.The alpha beta TCR is expressed by the majority of peripheral T cells.
Applications Reported: The IP26 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis.
Applications Tested: The IP26 antibody has been tested by flow cytometric analysis of normal human peripheral blood cells. This can be used at less than or equal to 0.5 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.
The ability of T cell receptors (TCR) to discriminate foreign from self-peptides presented by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecules is essential for an effective adaptive immune response. TCR recognition of self-peptides has been linked to autoimmune disease. Mutant self-peptides have been associated with tumors. Engagement of TCRs by a family of bacterial toxins know as superantigens has been responsible for toxic shock syndrome. Autoantibodies to V beta segments of T cell receptors have been isolated from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The autoantibodies block TH1-mediated inflammatory autodestructive reactions and are believed to be a method by which the immune system compensates for disease (ref5). T Cell and TCR Diversity Most human T cells express the TCR alpha-beta and either CD4 or CD8 molecule (single positive, SP). A small number of T cells lack both CD4 and CD8 (double negative, DN). Increased percentages of alpha-beta DN T cells have been identified in some autoimmune and immunodeficiency disorders. Gamma-delta T cells are primarily found within the epithelium. They show less TCR diversity and recognize antigens differently than alpha-beta T cells. Subsets of gamma-delta T cells have shown antitumor and immunoregulatory activity.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: alpha polypeptide; FLJ22602; MGC117436; MGC22624; MGC23964; MGC71411; T-cell antigen receptor; T-cell receptor; TCR beta; TCRA; Tcrb; TCRD; TRA
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