The AccuPrime™ Taq DNA Polymerase System provides qualified reagents for the amplification of nucleic acid templates by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). AccuPrime™ Taq DNA polymerase contains anti-Taq DNA polymerase antibodies. The 10X AccuPrime™ buffers contain thermostable AccuPrime™ protein, Mg++, and deoxyribonucleotide triphosphates at concentrations sufficient to allow amplification during PCR. Two individual buffer systems (10X AccuPrime™ PCR Buffer I and II) are provided for amplification of specific types of templates.* Reagents sufficient for 200 or 1,000 amplification reactions of 25 µl each are provided.
Anti-Taq DNA polymerase antibodies inhibit polymerase activity, providing an automatic “hot start” (1,2) and permitting room temperature set-up. The thermostable AccuPrime™ protein enhances specific primer-template hybridization during every cycle of PCR. Antibody/AccuPrime™ protein-mediated amplification dramatically improves PCR specificity, improves the fidelity of Taq by two fold, and provides the most robust PCR for multiplex PCR and suboptimal primer sets
|Component||200 rxn kit||1,000 rxn kit|
|AccuPrime™ Taq DNA Polymerase||100 µl||500 µl|
|10X AccuPrime™ PCR Buffer I*||500 µl||2 × 1.25 ml|
|10X AccuPrime™ PCR Buffer II*||500 µl||2 × 1.25 ml|
|Anti-sense primer (10 µM)||1 µl||1 µl|
|50 mM Magnesium Chloride||500 µl||500 µl|
*10X AccuPrime™ PCR Buffer I is designed for small genomic DNA amplicons (<200 bp), cDNA, or plasmids.
10X AccuPrime™ PCR Buffer II is designed for genomic DNA (200 bp–4 kb).
20 mM Tris-HCl (pH 8.0), 0.1 mM EDTA, 1 mM DTT, stabilizers, 50% (v/v) glycerol
10X AccuPrime™ PCR Buffer I and II
200 mM Tris-HCl (pH 8.4), 500 mM KCl, 15 mM MgCl2, 2 mM dGTP, 2 mM dATP, 2 mM dTTP, 2 mM dCTP, thermostable AccuPrime™ protein, 10% glycerol
Quality ControlAccuPrime™ Taq DNA Polymerase is evaluated in a PCR functional assay. AccuPrime™ Taq DNA Polymerase and 10X AccuPrime™ PCR Buffers are functionally tested for amplification. AccuPrime™ Taq DNA Polymerase and AccuPrime™ protein are tested for the absence of double- and single-stranded endonuclease activity as well as the absence of contaminating 5´- and 3´-exonuclease activity.
Since PCR is a powerful technique capable of amplifying trace amounts of DNA, all appropriate precautions should be taken to avoid cross-contamination. Ideally, amplification reactions should be assembled in a DNA-free environment. Use of aerosol-resistant barrier tips is recommended. Take care to avoid contamination with the primers or template DNA used in individual reactions. PCR products should be analyzed in an area separate from the reaction assembly area.
The following procedure is suggested as a general protocol when using AccuPrime™ Taq DNA Polymerase in any PCR amplification. Optimal reaction conditions (incubation times and temperatures; the amounts of AccuPrime™ Taq DNA Polymerase, primers, MgCl2, and template DNA) will vary and may need to be optimized. Reaction sizes may be altered to suit user preference, as shown in the tables below.
Add the following components to a sterile thin walled 0.25-ml or 0.5-ml PCR tube either at room temperature or on ice:
For Small Genomic DNA ( < 200 bp), Plasmids, or cDNA):
Component10-µl Reaction25-µl Reaction50-µl Reaction10X AccuPrime™ PCR Buffer I1 µl2.5 µl5 µlPrimer Mix (10 µM each)0.2 µl0.5 µl1 µlTemplate DNA10 pg–200 ng10 pg–200 ng10 pg–200 ngAccuPrime™ Taq DNA Polymerase0.25 µl0.5 µl1 µlAutoclaved distilled waterTo 10 µlTo 25 µlTo 50 µl
For Genomic DNA (200 bp-4 kb):
Component10-µl Reaction25-µl Reaction50-µl Reaction10X AccuPrime™ PCR Buffer II1 µl2.5 µl5 µlPrimer Mix (10 µM each)0.2 µl0.5 µl1 µlTemplate DNA1–200 ng1–200 ng1–200 ngAccuPrime™ Taq DNA Polymerase0.25 µl0.5 µl1 µlAutoclaved distilled waterTo 10 µlTo 25 µlTo 50 µl
If desired, a master mix can be prepared for multiple reactions to minimize reagent loss and enable accurate pipetting.
- Mix contents of the tubes and overlay with 50 µl of mineral or silicone oil, if necessary.
- Cap the tubes and centrifuge briefly to collect the contents.
- Incubate tubes in a thermal cycler at 94°C for 2 min to completely denature the template and activate the enzyme.
Perform 25-35 cycles of PCR amplification as follows:
Denature: 94°C for 15-30 s
Anneal: 55°C-60°C for 15-30 s
Extend: 68°C for 1 min per kb<
- Maintain the reaction at 4°C after cycling. The samples can be stored at -20°C until use.
- Analyze the amplification products by agarose gel electrophoresis and visualize by ethidium bromide staining. Use appropriate molecular weight standards.
Multiplex PCR Protocol
The following specialized procedure is suggested as a guideline and as a starting point when using AccuPrime™ Taq DNA Polymerase in multiplex PCR amplification. Optimal reaction conditions (incubation times and temperatures; the amounts of AccuPrime™ Taq DNA Polymerase, primers, MgCl2, and template DNA) will vary and may need to be optimized. Reaction sizes may be altered to suit user preference, as shown in the tables below.
Add the following components to a sterile, thin-walled 0.25-ml or 0.5-ml PCR tube either at room temperature or on ice:
ComponentAmount10X AccuPrime™ PCR Buffer I (for genomic DNA <200 bp, cDNA, or plasmids) or10X AccuPrime™ PCR Buffer II (for genomic DNA 200 bp–4 kb)5 µlPrimer mix (10 µM each)1 µl each (0.2 µM each)Template DNA100-200 ngAccuPrime™ Taq DNA Polymerase*1-2.5 µlAutoclaved, distilled waterto 50 µl
*For primer mixes up to 5 sets, 1 µl of enzyme is sufficient.
If desired, a master mix can be prepared for multiple reactions, to minimize reagent loss and to enable accurate pipetting.
- Continue with steps 2-7 of the General Protocol.
2. Sharkey, D.J., Scalice, E.R., Christy, K.G., Atwood, S.M., Daiss, J.L. (1994) BioTechnology 12, 506.
3. Westfall, B., Sitaraman, K., Solus, J., Hughes, J., Rashtchian, A. (1997) Focus® 19, 46.