ADAMTS proteases are secreted enzymes containing a prometalloprotease domain of the reprolysin type. The ADAMTS proteases function in processing of procollagens and von Willebrand factor as well as catabolism of aggrecan, versican and brevican. They have been demonstrated to have important roles in connective tissue organization, coagulation, inflammation, arthritis, angiogenesis and cell migration. The immunizing peptide sequence is 100% conserved between human, mouse and rat. ADAMTS9 is a member of the ADAMs family of proteinases with Thrombospondin motifs. ADAMTS9 is closest in homology to ADAMTS20, sharing 54% overall identity, and like ADAMTS20 ADAMTS9 gas a GON-like domain at the carboxyterminal end. The GON domain at the carboxyterminal end is similar to the GON-1 protein in C. elegans, mutations of which lead to defective gonadal development. ADAMTS9 is expressed in ovary and testis, but little is known about the role of ADAMTS9 in reproductive organs. ADAMTS9 is also expressed in the heart, placenta, lung, skeletal tissue, and pancreas, so the protein must have wider functions than just gonadal development. ADAMTS9, like ADAMTS20, has a total of 15 thrombospondin-like domains.View more
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