Description: This F38-2E2 monoclonal antibody reacts with human CD366, also known as T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing protein 3 (TIM3) or HAVCR2. This cell surface receptor is expressed on activated CD4+ T cell subsets (e.g. Th1, Th17, and Treg), CD8+ T cells, monocytes, dendritic cells, and mast cells. Due to alternative splicing, CD366 exists as membrane-bound and soluble forms. Galectin-9 has been identified as the ligand for CD366. In humans, this receptor negatively regulates CD4+ T cells, influencing the secretion of some Th1- and Th17-related cytokines. CD366 has also been implicated in tolerance, autoimmune disease (e.g. multiple sclerosis), and HIV infection.
Applications Reported: This F38-2E2 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis.
Applications Tested: This F38-2E2 antibody has been pre-titrated and tested by flow cytometric analysis of stimulated normal human peripheral blood cells. This can be used at 5 µL (0.06 µg) per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test.
PerCP-eFluor® 710 emits at 710 nm and is excited with the blue laser (488 nm); it can be used in place of PerCP-Cyanine5.5. We recommend using a 710/50 bandpass filter, however, the 695/40 bandpass filter is an acceptable alternative. Please make sure that your instrument is capable of detecting this fluorochrome.
Light sensitivity: This tandem dye is sensitive to photo-induced oxidation. Please protect this vial and stained samples from light.
Fixation: Samples can be stored in IC Fixation Buffer (cat. 00-8222) (100 µL of cell sample + 100 µL of IC Fixation Buffer) or 1-step Fix/Lyse Solution (cat. 00-5333) for up to 3 days in the dark at 4°C with minimal impact on brightness and FRET efficiency/compensation. Some generalizations regarding fluorophore performance after fixation can be made, but clone specific performance should be determined empirically.
Excitation: 488 nm; Emission: 710 nm; Laser: Blue Laser.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
TIM3 (Hepatitis A virus cellular receptor 2, HAVCR2, T-cell immunoglobulin, mucin-dmain containing-3) is a 281 amino acid long, Type-1 Th1- specific cell surface glycoprotein expressed on terminally differentiated CD4+Th1 and CD8+Tc1 cells. TIM3 consists of an IgV-like domain, a mucin-like domain in the extracellular region, and a conserved Tyrosine phosphorylation motif in the cytoplasmic region. TIM3 is involved in macrophage activation and induction of autoimmune diseases. Further, TIM3 down-regulates aggressive Th1-mediated immune responses and facilitates in the development of immune tolerance. Pathological significance of TIM3 has been attributed to Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a Th-1 dependent autoimmune disease, and also enhances the severity of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in mice.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: CD366; FLJ14428; HAVcr-2; Hepatitis A virus cellular receptor 2; kidney injury molecule-3; sCD366; soluble CD366; soluble TIM 3; T cell immunoglobulin mucin 3; T cell immunoglobulin mucin-3; T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing protein 3; T-cell immunoglobulin mucin family member 3; T-cell immunoglobulin mucin receptor 3; T-cell membrane protein 3; TIM-3; TIMD-3
Gene Aliases: CD366; HAVcr-2; HAVCR2; KIM-3; Tim-3; TIM3; TIMD-3; TIMD3
UniProt ID: (Human) Q8TDQ0
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 84868
Molecular Function: immunoglobulin receptor superfamily