Semaphorins are neuronal chemorepellants that direct pioneering neurons during nervous system development. CD100 (also known as semaphorin 4d), a 150 kDa homodimer, is a novel semaphorin that induces B cells to aggregate and improves their viability in vitro. CD100 modifies CD40-CD40L B cell signaling by augmenting B cell aggregation and survival and down regulating CD23 expression. CD72 is a lymphocyte receptor for the class IV semaphorin CD100, which is involved in regulating B cell signaling. CD100 is expressed on resting and PHA stimulated T cells. The protein is weakly expressed on NK cells, EBV transformed B cells, monocytes and tumor/peripheral blood T cell lines, and at higher density on activated T cells and B cells.
CD100; Leukocyte activation antigen CD100; M-Sema G; sema domain, immunoglobulin domain (Ig), transmembrane domain (TM) and short cytoplasmic domain, (semaphorin) 4D; sema domain, immunoglobulin domain (Ig), transmembrane domain (TM) and short cytoplasmic domain, 4D; Sema J; semaphorin H; Semaphorin-4D; Semaphorin-C-like 2; Semaphorin-J
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