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Description: This 4MEJJ monoclonal antibody recognizes mouse aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR). The AHR is a ligand-activated transcription factor that mediates the toxic effects of a diverse group of environmental contaminants, most notably aryl hydrocarbons such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) and tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). The AHR has also been shown to bind to a number of naturally occurring compounds found in fruits and vegetables as well as compounds generated through normal cellular metabolism. AHR is localized in the cytoplasm in a complex that includes HSP90, p23, and XAP2/AIP/ARA9. Upon ligand-binding, AHR translocates to the nucleus and binds with aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator (ARNT), and this complex binds to the consensus DNA sequence, GCGTG, found in the promoter/enhancer regions of many genes such as CYP1A1. The AHR is expressed in many cell types, with highest expression levels found in liver. The AHR has been shown to play a role in the regulation/differentiation of Treg and Th17 cells.
The 4MEJJ monoclonal antibody has been found to recognize the b-1, b-2 and d alleles of mouse AHR but does not crossreact with human AHR.
Applications Reported: This 4MEJJ antibody has been reported for use in intracellular staining followed by flow cytometric analysis.
Applications Tested: This 4MEJJ antibody has been tested by intracellular staining and flow cytometric analysis of Th17-polarized mouse splenocytes using the Intracellular Fixation & Permeabilization Buffer Set (cat. 88-8824) and protocol. Please refer to Best Protocols: Protocol A: Two step protocol for (cytoplasmic) intracellular proteins located under the Resources Tab online. This antibody can be used at less than or equal to 0.5 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.
Light sensitivity: This tandem dye is sensitive to photo-induced oxidation. Please protect this vial and stained samples from light.
Fixation: Samples can be stored in IC Fixation Buffer (cat. 00-8222) (100 µL of cell sample + 100 µL of IC Fixation Buffer) or 1-step Fix/Lyse Solution (cat. 00-5333) for up to 3 days in the dark at 4°C with minimal impact on brightness and FRET efficiency/compensation. Some generalizations regarding fluorophore performance after fixation can be made, but clone specific performance should be determined empirically.
Excitation: 488-561 nm; Emission: 775 nm; Laser: Blue Laser, Green Laser, Yellow-Green Laser.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
AHR (Ah Receptor) belongs to a family of proteins comprised of its dimerization partner ARNT (HIF-1 Beta) and the Drosophila proteins PER and SIM. AHR contains an N-terminal sequence of approximately 200 amino acids termed the PAS domain. AHR, found in a variety of tissues, binds to a specific DNA enhancer sequence and initiates transcription of the mRNA for the cytochrome P-450 (CYPIA1) gene. The gene for AHR encodes a ligand-activated transcription factor involved in the regulation of biological responses to planar aromatic hydrocarbons. AHR has been shown to regulate xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes such as cytochrome P450, and its ligands included a variety of aromatic hydrocarbons. AHR is a ligand-activated helix/loop/helix transcription factor found in a variety of vertebrate species. The known ligands for AHR are foreign planar aromatic compounds, such as polycyclic aromatic compounds and halogenated aromatic compounds such as 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). Unlike the steroid/thyroid hormone receptors, there is no known physiological ligand for AHR. Studies indicate that in non-ligand activated cells, AHR is found complexed with HSP90 predominantly in the cytoplasm. Upon binding to an agonist, the ligand-activated AhR is believed to transform to a nuclear, DNA binding form, and this transformation process appears to involve dissociation of HSP90 from AhR followed by formation of a heterodimer with AhR nuclear translocator protein (Arnt). Diseases associated with AHR include eosinophilic fasciitis and seborrheic dermatitis.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: Ah receptor; Aryl hydrocarbon receptor; dioxin receptor
Gene Aliases: Ah; Ahh; Ahr; Ahre; bHLHe76; In
UniProt ID: (Mouse) P30561
Entrez Gene ID: (Mouse) 11622
Molecular Function: basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor