Description: The TS2/16 monoclonal antibody reacts with human CD29, also known as integrin beta 1, an approximately 130 kDa single-pass transmembrane glycoprotein. CD29 complexes with one of nine integrin alpha subunits to form the very late antigen (VLA) subfamily of adhesion molecules. Integrin heterodimers containing CD29 are involved in cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesion. CD29 is expressed broadly on lymphocytes and monocytes, with lower levels of expression on granulocytes. The TS2/16 antibody has been found to possess activating activity for beta 1 integrins.
Applications Reported: This TS2/16 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis, immunoprecipitation, and immunohistochemical staining.
Applications Tested: This TS2/16 antibody has been tested by flow cytometric analysis of normal human peripheral blood cells. This can be used at less than or equal to 0.25 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.
Purity: Greater than 90%, as determined by SDS-PAGE.
Aggregation: Less than 10%, as determined by HPLC.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
ITGB1 (Integrin Subunit Beta 1, beta1 integrin subunit, GPIIa, CD29) is a 110 kDa cell surface glycoprotein that is widely expressed by a variety of cells including all leucocytes. ITGB1 forms non-covalently linked heterodimers with at least 6 different alpha chains (alpha1-alpha6, CDa-f) determining the binding properties of beta1 (VLA) integrins. ITGB1 is a cell adhesion molecule appearing on platelets, as the common Beta subunit of the very late activation antigen (VLA), and as a component of various protein complexes binding to extracellular matrix proteins. Decreased expression of ITGB1 correlates with acquiring multidrug resistance of tumor cells in the presence of anti-tumor drug. ITGB1 is up-regulated in leukocytes during emigration and extravascular migration and appear to be critically involved in regulating the immune cell trafficking from blood to tissue. Further, ITGB1 also regulates tissue damage and disease symptoms related to inflammatory bowel disease. Through an ITGB1-dependent mechanism, fibronectin and type I collagen enhance cytokine secretion of human airway smooth muscle in response to IL-1beta. More than 8 beta subunits with numerous splice variant isoforms have been identified in mammals. There are two major forms of integrin beta1: beta1A and beta1D, which differ in 13 amino acids. The distribution pattern in adult tissues for integrin beta types are mutually exclusive. Beta1A is present in all tissues, except cardiac and skeletal muscle which express the beta1D variant.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: CD29; Fibronectin receptor subunit beta; Glycoprotein IIa; GPIIA; integrin beta 1; Integrin beta-1; Integrin beta1; integrin VLA-4 beta subunit; integrin, beta 1 (fibronectin receptor, beta polypeptide, antigen CD29 includes MDF2, MSK12); ITBG1D; very late activation protein, beta polypeptide; VLA-4 subunit beta
Gene Aliases: CD29; FNRB; GPIIA; ITGB1; MDF2; MSK12; VLA-BETA; VLAB
UniProt ID: (Human) P05556
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 3688