Description: The monoclonal antibody 42D1 recognizes the CD85d protein also known as ILT4, LIR-2. It is a member of the ILT (immunoglobulin-like transcript)/ LIR (leukocyte Ig-like receptor), MIR (monocytes Ig-like receptor) family. CD85d is a 110 kDa single transmembrane receptor with 3 Ig-like domains and a long cytoplasmic domain containing ITIMs (immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs). Expression is confined to monocytes, macrophages and dendritic cells. The ligand for CD85d is non-classical class I HLA-G, -B and G1. Upon ligand binding, tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1 interacts with the ITIM. Interaction of HLA-G with ILT4/CD85d is thought to contribute to tolerance during fetal implantation. Additionally, it is the levels of ILT3 and ILT4 on DCs that suggests a role in organ allograft rejection.
Crosslinking of the receptor with the monoclonal antibody 42D1 inhibits calcium flux as well as enhancing HLA-G tetramer staining and restoring the stimulating activity of tolerogenic DC.
Applications Reported: This 42D1 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis.
Applications Tested: This 42D1 antibody has been pre-diluted and tested by flow cytometric analysis of normal human peripheral blood cells. This may be used at 5 µL (0.5 µg) per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test.
Light sensitivity: This tandem dye is sensitive to photo-induced oxidation. Please protect this vial and stained samples from light.
Fixation: Samples can be stored in IC Fixation Buffer (Product # 00-8222-49) (100 µL of cell sample + 100 µL of IC Fixation Buffer) or 1-step Fix/Lyse Solution (Product # 00-5333-57) for up to 3 days in the dark at 4°C with minimal impact on brightness and FRET efficiency/compensation. Some generalizations regarding fluorophore performance after fixation can be made, but clone specific performance should be determined empirically.
Excitation: 488-561 nm; Emission: 775 nm; Laser: Blue Laser, Green Laser, Yellow-Green Laser
LILRB2 (ILT4) gene is a member of the leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor (LIR) family, which is found in a gene cluster at chromosomal region 19q13.4. The encoded protein belongs to the subfamily B class of LIR receptors which contain two or four extracellular immunoglobulin domains, a transmembrane domain, and two to four cytoplasmic immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs (ITIMs). The receptor is expressed on immune cells where it binds to MHC class I molecules on antigen-presenting cells and transduces a negative signal that inhibits stimulation of an immune response. It is thought to control inflammatory responses and cytotoxicity to help focus the immune response and limit autoreactivity. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: CD85 antigen-like family member D; Ig-like transcript 4; leucocyte Ig-like receptor B2; leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor, subfamily B (with TM and ITIM domains), member 2; LILRB2; monocyte/macrophage immunoglobulin-like receptor 10; myeloid inhibitory receptor 10
Gene Aliases: CD85D; ILT-4; ILT4; LIR-2; LIR2; MIR-10; MIR10
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 10288