Description: This 2A9-1 monoclonal antibody reacts with human CX3CR1, which is the receptor for fractalkine, a transmembrane chemokine of the CX3C family. CX3CR1 is a seven transmembrane G protein-coupled receptor expressed on CD16+ NK cells, T cells (e.g. CD8+, CD4+, and gamma/delta), and monocytes. In non-immune cells, CX3CR1 has been found on osteoclast precursors and microglia. Little to no CX3CR1 surface expression can be detected on B cells and granulocytes. Together, fractalkine and its receptor mediate cell-cell adhesion and chemotaxis of NK cells, T cells, and monocytes. The expression of CX3CR1 has also been correlated with high levels of intracellular perforin and granzyme B.
Applications Reported: This 2A9-1 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis.
Applications Tested: This 2A9-1 antibody has been pre-titrated and tested by flow cytometric analysis of normal human peripheral blood cells. This can be used at 5 µL (0.125 µg) per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test.
Light sensitivity: This tandem dye is sensitive to photo-induced oxidation. Please protect this vial and stained samples from light.
Fixation: Samples can be stored in IC Fixation Buffer (cat. 00-8222) (100 µL of cell sample + 100 µL of IC Fixation Buffer) or 1-step Fix/Lyse Solution (cat. 00-5333) for up to 3 days in the dark at 4°C with minimal impact on brightness and FRET efficiency/compensation. Some generalizations regarding fluorophore performance after fixation can be made, but clone specific performance should be determined empirically.
Excitation: 488-561 nm; Emission: 775 nm; Laser: Blue Laser, Green Laser, Yellow-Green Laser.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
CX3CR1 is one of the chemokine receptors that are required as coreceptors for HIV infection. The genes encoding human, mouse, and rat CX3CR1 were cloned and designated V28 and CMKBRL1, CX3CR1, and RBS11, respectively. The encoded seven transmembrane protein was recently identified as the receptor for a novel transmembrane molecule, fractalkine, and renamed CX3CR1. Recently, CX3CR1 was found to serve as a coreceptor for HIV-1 and HIV-2 envelope fusion and virus infection, which can be inhibited by fractokine. CX3CR1 mediates leukocyte migration an d adhesion. CX3CR1 is expressed in a variety of human tissues and cell lines.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: Beta chemokine receptor-like 1; C-X3-C CKR-1; chemokine (C-C) receptor-like 1; chemokine (C-X3-C motif) receptor 1; chemokine (C-X3-C) receptor 1; CMK-BRL-1; CMK-BRL1; CMKBRL1; CMKDR1; CX3C chemokine receptor 1; Fractalkine receptor; G protein-coupled receptor 13; G-protein coupled receptor 13; GPR13; GPRV28; V28
Gene Aliases: CCRL1; CMKBRL1; CMKDR1; CX3CR1; GPR13; GPRV28; V28
UniProt ID: (Human) P49238
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 1524
Molecular Function: G-protein coupled receptor cell adhesion molecule cytokine receptor defense/immunity protein hydrolase immunoglobulin receptor superfamily immunoglobulin superfamily cell adhesion molecule phosphatase protein phosphatase receptor