Product is shipped at room temperature as a lyophilized powder and should be stored at -20 °C upon receipt. Reconstitution: add 50 µL of deionized water.
Gamma -aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the primary inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system, causing a hyperpolarization of the membrane through the opening of a Cl- channel associated with the GABAA Receptor (GABAA-R) subtype. GABAA-Rs are important therapeutic targets for a range of sedative, anxiolytic, and hypnotic agents and are implicated in several diseases including epilepsy, anxiety, depression, and substance abuse. The GABAA-R is a multimeric subunit complex. To date aix alphas, four betas and four gammas, plus alternative splicing variants of some of these subunits, have been identified. Injection in oocytes or mammalian cell lines of cRNA coding for alpha- and beta-subunits results in the expression of functional GABAA-R sensitive to GABA. However, coexpression of a gamma-subunit is required for benzodiazepine modulation. The various effects of the benzodiazepines in brain may also be mediated via different alpha-subunits of the receptor. Lastly, phosphorylation of beta-subunits of the receptor has been shown to modulate GABAA-R function.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: GABA(A) receptor subunit alpha-1; GABAA alpha 1; GABAAR alpha1; GABRA1; gamma-aminobutyric acid A receptor, alpha 1; gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA-A) receptor, subunit alpha 1; gamma-aminobutyric acid A receptor, alpha 1; Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1
Gene Aliases: Gabra-1; Gabra1