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Immunohistochemistry (PFA fixed): incubate antibody for 30 min at RT. Staining of formalin-fixed tissues requires heating tissue sections in 10mM Tris with 1mM EDTA, pH 9.0, for 45 min at 95 degrees C followed by cooling at RT for 20 minutes.
GAD65 (glutamic acid decarboxylase-65) are present in autoimmune disorders such as insulin-dependent (type1) diabetes mellitus (IDDM), stiff man syndrome and polyendocrine autoimmune disease. Auto-antibodies to GAD65 are present in 60-70% of individuals with newly diagnosed IDDM and thus are important markers for disease activity. These auto-antibodies usually recognize conformation-dependent regions on GAD65 and rarely bind to the second isoform, GAD67. Auto-antibodies to GAD67 are found in only 15% of recent-onset IDDM patients and most of this binding can be blocked with GAD65, suggesting shared epitopes between the two isoforms of GAD.
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Protein Aliases: 65 kDa glutamic acid decarboxylase; GAD-65; Glutamate decarboxylase 2; glutamate decarboxylase 2 (pancreatic islets and brain, 65kDa); Glutamate decarboxylase 65 kDa isoform; Glutamate decarboxylase-2 (pancreas); MGC161605; MGC161607; RP11-420F12.2
Gene Aliases: GAD2; GAD65
UniProt ID: (Human) Q05329
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 2572
Molecular Function: decarboxylase