Description: The MP1-22E9 antibody reacts with mouse granulocyte/macrophage - colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF). The MP1-22E9 antibody is a neutralizing antibody. Mouse GM-CSF is a 14 kDa factor produced mainly by activated T cells and macrophages. Other cell types, such as endothelium and fibroblasts, also secrete GM-CSF in response to TNF-alpha, IL-2, IL-1, and IFN-gamma. GM-CSF stimulates growth of macrophages, granulocytes and dendritic cells. GM-CSF is found as a membrane-bound form and also as a complex associated with the extracellular matrix. Non-glycosylated GM-CSF is biologically active.
Applications Reported: This MP1-22E9 antibody has been reported for use in intracellular staining followed by flow cytometric analysis.
Applications Tested: This MP1-22E9 antibody has been tested by intracellular staining followed by flow cytometric analysis of restimulated mouse splenocytes. This may be used at less than or equal to 0.25 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.
Light sensitivity: This tandem dye is sensitive to photo-induced oxidation. Please protect this vial and stained samples from light.
Fixation: Samples can be stored in IC Fixation Buffer (Product # 00-8222-49) (100 µL of cell sample + 100 µL of IC Fixation Buffer) or 1-step Fix/Lyse Solution (Product # 00-5333-57) for up to 3 days in the dark at 4°C with minimal impact on brightness and FRET efficiency/compensation. Some generalizations regarding fluorophore performance after fixation can be made, but clone specific performance should be determined empirically.
Excitation: 488-561 nm; Emission: 775 nm; Laser: Blue Laser, Green Laser, Yellow-Green Laser
GM-CSF (Granulocyte-Macrophage colony-stimulating factor) is a 14.6kDa hematopoietic growth factor that exists in glycosylated and non-glycosylated biologically active forms, and stimulates the development of granulocytes, macrophages, early megakaryocytes and eosinophil progenitor cells. The active form of the GM-CSF protein is found extracellularly as a homodimer and the GM-CSF gene has been localized to a cluster of related genes at chromosome region 5q31, which is known to be associated with interstitial deletions in the 5q-syndrome and acute myelogenous leukemia. Other genes in the cluster include those encoding interleukins 4, 5, and 13. The ability of recombinant GM-CSF to increase hematopoietic cell recovery has become a focus area in the therapeutic treatment of patients following bone marrow transplantation. Recent studies have investigated GM-CSF in inflammatory and autoimmune diseases such as arthritis, arthritis related interstitial lung disease, nephritis, and psoriasis. In the CNS, GM-CSF depletion or neutralization has been studied in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and multiple sclerosis (MS).
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: Colony-stimulating factor; CSF; GM-CSF; granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor; granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor 2; Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor; M-GM-CSF; MGC131935; MGC138897; MGC151255; MGC151257; put. GM-CSF
Gene Aliases: Csf2; Csfgm; Gm-CSf; GMCSF; MGI-IGM
UniProt ID: (Mouse) P01587
Entrez Gene ID: (Mouse) 12981
Molecular Function: cytokine