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Immunohistochemistry analysis of ISH and IMH demonstrating gremlin mRNA and gremlin protein in crescentic PECs and tubular epithelial cells of patients with pauci-immune crescentic GN. In comparison with normal renal tissue in which there is no expression of gremlin mRNA (C), proliferating PECs of glomerular crescents show a strong expression of gremlin mRNA by ISH (A); and gremlin protein expression by IMH (B); immune competent infiltrating interstitial cells are also strongly positive for gremlin staining (E); and CTGF was also expressed in these glomerular crescentic cells (F).
|Tested species reactivity||Human, Mouse|
|Host / Isotype||Rabbit / IgG|
|Immunogen||KLH conjugated synthetic peptide between 147-175 amino acids from the C-terminal region of human GREMLIN|
|Purification||Ammonium sulfate precipitation, Size-exclusion - Dialysis|
|Contains||0.09% sodium azide|
|Storage Conditions||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C|
|Tested Applications||Dilution *|
|Western Blot (WB)||1:1000|
* Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrate the product for use in their own experiment using appropriate negative and positive controls.
This antibody is predicted to react with rat based on sequence homology.
GREMLIN is a member of the BMP (bone morphogenic protein) antagonist family. Like BMPs, BMP antagonists contain cystine knots and typically form homo- and heterodimers. The CAN (cerberus and dan) subfamily of BMP antagonists, to which this gene belongs, is characterized by a C-terminal cystine knot with an eight-membered ring. The antagonistic effect of the secreted glycosylated protein encoded by this gene is likely due to its direct binding to BMP proteins. As an antagonist of BMP, this gene may play a role in regulating organogenesis, body patterning, and tissue differentiation. In mouse, this protein has been shown to relay the sonic hedgehog (SHH) signal from the polarizing region to the apical ectodermal ridge during limb bud outgrowth.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
BMP antagonist 1; cell proliferation-inducing gene 2 protein; colorectal adenoma and carcinoma 1; Cysteine KNOT superfamily 1; cysteine knot superfamily 1, BMP antagonist 1; DAN domain family member 2; down-regulated in Mos-transformed cells protein; down-regulated in v-mos-transformed cells; gremlin 1, cysteine knot superfamily, homolog; gremlin 1-like protein; gremlin-1; increased in high glucose-2
C15DUPq; CKTSF1B1; CRAC1; CRCS4; DAND2; DRM; DUP15q; Grem; GREM1; GREMLIN; HMPS; HMPS1; IHG-2; ld; MPSH; PIG2