Immunohistochemistry analysis of ISH and IMH demonstrating gremlin mRNA and gremlin protein in crescentic PECs and tubular epithelial cells of patients with pauci-immune crescentic GN. In comparison with normal renal tissue in which there is no expression of gremlin mRNA (C), proliferating PECs of glomerular crescents show a strong expression of gremlin mRNA by ISH (A); and gremlin protein expression by IMH (B); immune competent infiltrating interstitial cells are also strongly positive for gremlin staining (E); and CTGF was also expressed in these glomerular crescentic cells (F).
|Tested species reactivity||Human, Mouse|
|Published species reactivity||Human|
|Host / Isotype||Rabbit / IgG|
|Immunogen||KLH conjugated synthetic peptide between 147-175 amino acids from the C-terminal region of human GREMLIN|
|Purification||Ammonium sulfate precipitation, Size-exclusion - Dialysis|
|Contains||0.09% sodium azide|
|Storage Conditions||-20° C, Avoid Freeze/Thaw Cycles|
|Tested Applications||Dilution *|
|Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin) (IHC (P))||1:50-1:100|
|Western Blot (WB)||1:1000|
* Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrate the product for use in their own experiment using appropriate negative and positive controls.
|Western Blot (WB)||See 1 publications below|
This antibody is predicted to react with rat based on sequence homology.
GREMLIN is a member of the BMP (bone morphogenic protein) antagonist family. Like BMPs, BMP antagonists contain cystine knots and typically form homo- and heterodimers. The CAN (cerberus and dan) subfamily of BMP antagonists, to which this gene belongs, is characterized by a C-terminal cystine knot with an eight-membered ring. The antagonistic effect of the secreted glycosylated protein encoded by this gene is likely due to its direct binding to BMP proteins. As an antagonist of BMP, this gene may play a role in regulating organogenesis, body patterning, and tissue differentiation. In mouse, this protein has been shown to relay the sonic hedgehog (SHH) signal from the polarizing region to the apical ectodermal ridge during limb bud outgrowth.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
BMP signalling in human fetal ovary somatic cells is modulated in a gene-specific fashion by GREM1 and GREM2.
PA5-13123 was used in western blot examine the impact of bone morphogenetic protein signaling on the fate and function of ovarian somatic cells
|Bayne RA,Donnachie DJ,Kinnell HL,Childs AJ,Anderson RA||Molecular human reproduction (22:622)||2016|