Immunogen sequence: GAKFLSDAEI IQLVNAKHIP AYKLETLMET HERGVSIRRQ LLSKKLSEPS SLQYLPYRDY NYSLVMGACC ENVIGYMPIP VGVAGPLCLD EKEFQVPMAT TEGCLVASTN RGCRAIGLGG GASSRVLADG MTRGPVVRLP RACDSAEVKA WLETSEGFAV IKEAFDSTSR FARLQKLHTS IAGRNLYIRF QSRSGDAMGM NMISKGTEKA LSKLHEYFPE MQILAVSGNY CTDKKPAAIN WIEGRGKSVV CEAVIPAKVV REVLKTTT
HMG-CoA reductase is the rate-limiting enzyme for cholesterol synthesis and is regulated via a negative feedback mechanism mediated by sterols and non-sterol metabolites derived from mevalonate, the product of the reaction catalyzed by reductase. Normally in mammalian cells this enzyme is suppressed by cholesterol derived from the internalization and degradation of low density lipoprotein via the LDL receptor. Competitive inhibitors of the reductase induce the expression of LDL receptors in the liver, which in turn increases the catabolism of plasma LDL and lowers the plasma concentration of cholesterol, an important determinant of atherosclerosis. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.
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Protein Aliases: 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA reductase (NADPH); 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase; HMG-CoA reductase; hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase
Gene Aliases: HMGCR; LDLCQ3
UniProt ID: (Human) P04035
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 3156