For IHC (P), prolonged fixation in buffered formalin can destroy the epitope. High temperature antigen unmasking technique is required.
ICAM-1 (CD54) is an 85-110 kDa single-chain type 1 integral membrane glycoprotein with an extracellular domain of five immunoglobulin superfamily repeats, a transmembrane region and a cytoplasmic domain. ICAM-1 has 7 potential N-linked glycosylation sites and shares considerable amino acid sequence homology with ICAM-3 (CD50) and ICAM-2 (CD102). ICAM-1 binds to integrins of type CD11a/CD18 (leukocyte adhesion molecule, LFA-1), or CD11b/CD18 (Mac-1) and is exploited by Rhinovirus as a receptor. ICAM-1 is expressed by activated endothelial cells and detected on epithelial cells, fibroblasts, chondrocytes, B lymphocytes, T lymphocytes (low), monocytes, macrophages, dendritic cells and neutrophils, with lower levels that increase upon inflammation. ICAM-1 is also detected in some carcinoma and melanoma cells. Soluble ICAM-1 is detectable in the plasma and is elevated in patients with various inflammatory syndromes.
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Protein Aliases: CD54; cell surface glycoprotein P3.58; ICAM-1; Intercellular adhesion molecule 1; intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (CD54), human rhinovirus receptor; Major group rhinovirus receptor; sCD54; soluble CD54
Gene Aliases: BB2; CD54; ICAM1; P3.58
UniProt ID: (Human) P05362
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 3383