This gene encodes a reticuloplasmin, a protein which resides in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum. The protein shows sequence similarity to the protein disulfide isomerase family. However, it lacks the thioredoxin motif characteristic of this family, suggesting that this protein does not function as a disulfide isomerase. The protein dimerizes and is thought to play a role in the processing of secretory proteins within the ER. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms.
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Protein Aliases: GADD34; MGC15877; MGC1674; PP-1A; protein phosphatase 1, catalytic subunit, alpha isoform; protein phosphatase 1, catalytic subunit, alpha isozyme; serine/threonine protein phosphatase PP1-alpha 1 catalytic subunit; Serine/threonine-protein phosphatase PP1-alpha catalytic subunit; testicular tissue protein Li 155
Gene Aliases: PP-1A; PP1A; PP1alpha; PPP1A; PPP1CA
UniProt ID: (Human) P62136
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 5499
Molecular Function: protein phosphatase