Present mainly in the mitochondrial compartment of peripheral tissues, the protein encoded by this gene interacts with some benzodiazepines and has different affinities than its endogenous counterpart. The protein is a key factor in the flow of cholesterol into mitochondria to permit the initiation of steroid hormone synthesis. Alternate transcriptional splice variants, encoding different isoforms, have been characterized.
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Protein Aliases: benzodiazepine peripheral binding site; benzodiazepine receptor, peripheral; isoquinoline-binding protein; Mitochondrial benzodiazepine receptor; PBR; Peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor; PKBS; Translocator protein; translocator protein (18kDa)
Gene Aliases: BPBS; BZRP; DBI; IBP; MBR; mDRC; PBR; PBS; pk18; PKBS; PTBR; TSPO; Tspo1