Thermo Scientific™

Dionex™ IonPac™ CS16-4µm and CS16-Fast-4µm IC Columns

Catalog number: 088582
Thermo Scientific™

Dionex™ IonPac™ CS16-4µm and CS16-Fast-4µm IC Columns

Catalog number: 088582
Analyze disparate concentration ratios up to 10,000:1 of close-eluting cations such as ammonium and sodium using Thermo Scientific™ Dionex™ IonPac™ CS16-4µm and CS16-Fast-4µm columns. Designed specifically for the analysis of cations at diverse concentration ratios, this high-capacity column combines the selectivity of the Dionex IonPac CS16 column with fast, high resolution separations. Compared to the Dionex IonPac CS16 column, the new Dionex IonPac CS16-4µm and CS16-Fast-4µm columns use smaller resin particles for more efficient separations resulting in faster run times, more accurate peak integration, and more reliable results.
 
Catalog Number
088582
Unit Size
Each 1
Diameter (Metric)
2 mm
Length (Metric)
250 mm
Column Capacity
1340 µeq
Flow Rate
0.16 to 0.25 mL/min.
Price (USD)
1,433.64
Your Price:
Availability
***
Full specifications
Quantity
Packing MaterialEthylvinylbenzene/Divinylbenzene
Column Capacity1340 µeq
Column ChemistryAcidic
Flow Rate0.16 to 0.25 mL/min.
For Use With (Application)Cation Exchange
For Use With (Equipment)Dionex IonPac CS16-4µm Microbore Guard Column
HydrophobicityMedium
Ion Exchange GroupCarboxylic Acid
Max. Pressure5000 psi (345 bar)
Mobile Phase CompatibilityAcidic Eluents (pH 0 to 7), 0 to 100% Acetonitrile, 0 to 100% Acetone, Alcohols Should be Avoided
Particle Size4 µm
Stationary PhaseIonPac CS16-4µm
TypeMicrobore Separator
Length (Metric)250 mm
Diameter (Metric)2 mm
Crosslinking55% DVB
Column ConstructionPEEK
Unit SizeEach 1
Catalog Number
Unit Size
Each 1
Diameter (Metric)
2 mm
Length (Metric)
50 mm
Column Capacity
270 µeq
Flow Rate
0.16 to 0.25 mL/min.
Price (USD)
473.38
Your Price:
Availability
***
Full specifications
Quantity
Packing MaterialEthylvinylbenzene/Divinylbenzene
Column Capacity270 µeq
Column ChemistryAcidic
Flow Rate0.16 to 0.25 mL/min.
For Use With (Application)Cation Exchange
For Use With (Equipment)Dionex IonPac CS16-4µm Microbore Separator Column
HydrophobicityMedium
Ion Exchange GroupCarboxylic Acid
Max. Pressure5000 psi (345 bar)
Mobile Phase CompatibilityAcidic Eluents (pH 0 to 7), 0 to 100% Acetonitrile, 0 to 100% Acetone, Alcohols Should be Avoided
Particle Size4 µm
Stationary PhaseIonPac CG16-4µm
TypeMicrobore Guard Column
Length (Metric)50 mm
Diameter (Metric)2 mm
Crosslinking55% DVB
Column ConstructionPEEK
Unit SizeEach 1
Catalog Number
Unit Size
Each 1
Diameter (Metric)
4 mm
Length (Metric)
250 mm
Column Capacity
5370 µeq
Flow Rate
0.64 to 1.0 mL/min.
Price (USD)
1,433.64
Your Price:
Availability
***
Full specifications
Quantity
Packing MaterialEthylvinylbenzene/Divinylbenzene
Column Capacity5370 µeq
Column ChemistryAcidic
Flow Rate0.64 to 1.0 mL/min.
For Use With (Application)Cation Exchange
For Use With (Equipment)Dionex IonPac CS16-4µm Standard Bore Guard Column
HydrophobicityMedium
Ion Exchange GroupCarboxylic Acid
Max. Pressure5000 psi (345 bar)
Mobile Phase CompatibilityAcidic Eluents (pH 0 to 7), 0 to 100% Acetonitrile, 0 to 100% Acetone, Alcohols Should be Avoided
Particle Size4 µm
Stationary PhaseIonPac CS16-4µm
TypeStandard Bore Separator
Length (Metric)250 mm
Diameter (Metric)4 mm
Crosslinking55% DVB
Column ConstructionPEEK
Unit SizeEach 1
Catalog Number
Unit Size
Each 1
Diameter (Metric)
4 mm
Length (Metric)
50 mm
Column Capacity
1070 µeq
Flow Rate
0.64 to 1.0 mL/min.
Price (USD)
473.38
Your Price:
Availability
***
Full specifications
Quantity
Packing MaterialEthylvinylbenzene/Divinylbenzene
Column Capacity1070 µeq
Column ChemistryAcidic
Flow Rate0.64 to 1.0 mL/min.
For Use With (Application)Cation Exchange
For Use With (Equipment)Dionex IonPac CS16-4µm Standard Bore Separator Column
HydrophobicityMedium
Ion Exchange GroupCarboxylic Acid
Max. Pressure5000 psi (345 bar)
Mobile Phase CompatibilityAcidic Eluents (pH 0 to 7), 0 to 100% Acetonitrile, 0 to 100% Acetone, Alcohols Should be Avoided
Particle Size4 µm
Stationary PhaseIonPac CS16-4 µm
TypeStandard Bore Guard
Length (Metric)50 mm
Diameter (Metric)4 mm
Crosslinking55% DVB
Column ConstructionPEEK
Unit SizeEach 1
Catalog Number
Unit Size
Each 1
Diameter (Metric)
4 mm
Length (Metric)
150 mm
Column Capacity
3220 µeq
Flow Rate
0.64 to 1.0 mL/min.
Price (USD)
1,433.64
Your Price:
Availability
***
Full specifications
Quantity
Packing MaterialEthylvinylbenzene/Divinylbenzene
Column Capacity3220 µeq
Column ChemistryAcidic
Flow Rate0.64 to 1.0 mL/min.
For Use With (Application)Cation Exchange
For Use With (Equipment)Dionex IonPac CS16-Fast-4µm Standard Bore Guard Column
HydrophobicityMedium
Ion Exchange GroupCarboxylic Acid
Max. Pressure5000 psi (345 bar)
Mobile Phase CompatibilityAcidic Eluents (pH 0 to 7), 0 to 100% Acetonitrile, 0 to 100% Acetone, Alcohols Should be Avoided
Particle Size4 µm
Stationary PhaseIonPac CS16-4µm
TypeStandard Bore Separator
Length (Metric)150 mm
Diameter (Metric)4 mm
Crosslinking55% DVB
Column ConstructionPEEK
Unit SizeEach 1
Catalog Number
Unit Size
Each 1
Diameter (Metric)
4 mm
Length (Metric)
30 mm
Column Capacity
650 µeq
Flow Rate
0.64 to 1.0 mL/min.
Price (USD)
473.38
Your Price:
Availability
***
Full specifications
Quantity
Packing MaterialEthylvinylbenzene/Divinylbenzene
Column Capacity650 µeq
Column ChemistryAcidic
Flow Rate0.64 to 1.0 mL/min.
For Use With (Application)Cation Exchange
For Use With (Equipment)Dionex IonPac CS16-Fast-4µm Standard Bore Separator Column
HydrophobicityMedium
Ion Exchange GroupCarboxylic Acid
Max. Pressure5000 psi (345 bar)
Mobile Phase CompatibilityAcidic Eluents (pH 0 to 7), 0 to 100% Acetonitrile, 0 to 100% Acetone, Alcohols Should be Avoided
Particle Size4 µm
Stationary PhaseIonPac CG16-Fast-4µm
TypeStandard Bore Guard Column
Length (Metric)30 mm
Diameter (Metric)4 mm
Crosslinking55% DVB
Column ConstructionPEEK
Unit SizeEach 1
Catalog Number
Unit Size
Each 1
Diameter (Metric)
2 mm
Length (Metric)
150 mm
Column Capacity
800 µeq
Flow Rate
0.16 to 0.25 mL/min.
Price (USD)
1,433.64
Your Price:
Availability
***
Full specifications
Quantity
Packing MaterialEthylvinylbenzene/Divinylbenzene
Column Capacity800 µeq
Column ChemistryAcidic
Flow Rate0.16 to 0.25 mL/min.
For Use With (Application)Cation Exchange
For Use With (Equipment)Dionex IonPac CS16-Fast-4 µm Microbore Guard Column
HydrophobicityMedium
Ion Exchange GroupCarboxylic Acid
Max. Pressure5000 psi (345 bar)
Mobile Phase CompatibilityAcidic Eluents (pH 0 to 7), 0 to 100% Acetonitrile, 0 to 100% Acetone, Alcohols Should be Avoided
Particle Size4 µm
Stationary PhaseIonPac CS16-Fast-4µm
TypeMicrobore Separator
Length (Metric)150 mm
Diameter (Metric)2 mm
Crosslinking55% DVB
Column ConstructionPEEK
Unit SizeEach 1
Catalog Number
Unit Size
Each 1
Diameter (Metric)
2 mm
Length (Metric)
30 mm
Column Capacity
160 µeq
Flow Rate
0.16 to 0.25 mL/min.
Price (USD)
473.38
Your Price:
Availability
***
Full specifications
Quantity
Packing MaterialEthylvinylbenzene/Divinylbenzene
Column Capacity160 µeq
Column ChemistryAcidic
Flow Rate0.16 to 0.25 mL/min.
For Use With (Application)Cation Exchange
For Use With (Equipment)Dionex IonPac CS16-Fast-4µm Microbore Separator Column
HydrophobicityMedium
Ion Exchange GroupCarboxylic Acid
Max. Pressure5000 psi (345 bar)
Mobile Phase CompatibilityAcidic Eluents (pH 0 to 7), 0 to 100% Acetonitrile, 0 to 100% Acetone, Alcohols Should be Avoided
Particle Size4 µm
Stationary PhaseIonPac CG16-Fast-4µm
TypeMicrobore Guard Column
Length (Metric)30 mm
Diameter (Metric)2 mm
Crosslinking55% DVB
Column ConstructionPEEK
Unit SizeEach 1
Catalog Number
Unit Size
Each 1
Diameter (Metric)
0.4 mm
Length (Metric)
250 mm
Column Capacity
50 µeq
Flow Rate
0.006 to 0.010 mL/min.
Price (USD)
1,433.64
Your Price:
Availability
***
Full specifications
Quantity
Packing MaterialEthylvinylbenzene/Divinylbenzene
Column Capacity50 µeq
Column ChemistryAcidic
Flow Rate0.006 to 0.010 mL/min.
For Use With (Application)Cation Exchange
For Use With (Equipment)Dionex IonPac CS16-4 µm Capillary Guard Column
HydrophobicityMedium
Ion Exchange GroupCarboxylic Acid
Max. Pressure5000 psi (345 bar)
Mobile Phase CompatibilityAcidic Eluents (pH 0 to 7), 0 to 100% Acetonitrile, 0 to 100% Acetone, Alcohols Should be Avoided
Particle Size4 µm
Stationary PhaseIonPac CS16-4µm
TypeCapillary Separator
Length (Metric)250 mm
Diameter (Metric)0.4 mm
Crosslinking55% DVB
Column ConstructionPEEK
Unit SizeEach 1
Catalog Number
Unit Size
Each 1
Diameter (Metric)
0.4 mm
Length (Metric)
50 mm
Column Capacity
10 µeq
Flow Rate
0.006 to 0.010 mL/min.
Price (USD)
473.38
Your Price:
Availability
***
Full specifications
Quantity
Packing MaterialEthylvinylbenzene/Divinylbenzene
Column Capacity10 µeq
Column ChemistryAcidic
Flow Rate0.006 to 0.010 mL/min.
For Use With (Application)Cation Exchange
For Use With (Equipment)Dionex IonPac CS16-4µm Capillary Separator Column
HydrophobicityMedium
Ion Exchange GroupCarboxylic Acid
Max. Pressure5000 psi (345 bar)
Mobile Phase CompatibilityAcidic Eluents (pH 0 to 7), 0 to 100% Acetonitrile, 0 to 100% Acetone, Alcohols Should be Avoided
Particle Size4 µm
Stationary PhaseIonPac CS16-4µm
TypeCapillary Guard Column
Length (Metric)50 mm
Diameter (Metric)0.4 mm
Crosslinking55% DVB
Column ConstructionPEEK
Unit SizeEach 1
Showing 10 of 12Show more
Catalog NumberSpecificationsUnit SizeDiameter (Metric)Length (Metric)Column CapacityFlow RatePrice (USD)AvailabilityQuantity
088582Full specifications
Each 12 mm250 mm1340 µeq0.16 to 0.25 mL/min.
1,433.64
Your Price:
***
Packing MaterialEthylvinylbenzene/Divinylbenzene
Column Capacity1340 µeq
Column ChemistryAcidic
Flow Rate0.16 to 0.25 mL/min.
For Use With (Application)Cation Exchange
For Use With (Equipment)Dionex IonPac CS16-4µm Microbore Guard Column
HydrophobicityMedium
Ion Exchange GroupCarboxylic Acid
Max. Pressure5000 psi (345 bar)
Mobile Phase CompatibilityAcidic Eluents (pH 0 to 7), 0 to 100% Acetonitrile, 0 to 100% Acetone, Alcohols Should be Avoided
Particle Size4 µm
Stationary PhaseIonPac CS16-4µm
TypeMicrobore Separator
Length (Metric)250 mm
Diameter (Metric)2 mm
Crosslinking55% DVB
Column ConstructionPEEK
Unit SizeEach 1
088583Full specifications
Each 12 mm50 mm270 µeq0.16 to 0.25 mL/min.
473.38
Your Price:
***
Packing MaterialEthylvinylbenzene/Divinylbenzene
Column Capacity270 µeq
Column ChemistryAcidic
Flow Rate0.16 to 0.25 mL/min.
For Use With (Application)Cation Exchange
For Use With (Equipment)Dionex IonPac CS16-4µm Microbore Separator Column
HydrophobicityMedium
Ion Exchange GroupCarboxylic Acid
Max. Pressure5000 psi (345 bar)
Mobile Phase CompatibilityAcidic Eluents (pH 0 to 7), 0 to 100% Acetonitrile, 0 to 100% Acetone, Alcohols Should be Avoided
Particle Size4 µm
Stationary PhaseIonPac CG16-4µm
TypeMicrobore Guard Column
Length (Metric)50 mm
Diameter (Metric)2 mm
Crosslinking55% DVB
Column ConstructionPEEK
Unit SizeEach 1
088584Full specifications
Each 14 mm250 mm5370 µeq0.64 to 1.0 mL/min.
1,433.64
Your Price:
***
Packing MaterialEthylvinylbenzene/Divinylbenzene
Column Capacity5370 µeq
Column ChemistryAcidic
Flow Rate0.64 to 1.0 mL/min.
For Use With (Application)Cation Exchange
For Use With (Equipment)Dionex IonPac CS16-4µm Standard Bore Guard Column
HydrophobicityMedium
Ion Exchange GroupCarboxylic Acid
Max. Pressure5000 psi (345 bar)
Mobile Phase CompatibilityAcidic Eluents (pH 0 to 7), 0 to 100% Acetonitrile, 0 to 100% Acetone, Alcohols Should be Avoided
Particle Size4 µm
Stationary PhaseIonPac CS16-4µm
TypeStandard Bore Separator
Length (Metric)250 mm
Diameter (Metric)4 mm
Crosslinking55% DVB
Column ConstructionPEEK
Unit SizeEach 1
088585Full specifications
Each 14 mm50 mm1070 µeq0.64 to 1.0 mL/min.
473.38
Your Price:
***
Packing MaterialEthylvinylbenzene/Divinylbenzene
Column Capacity1070 µeq
Column ChemistryAcidic
Flow Rate0.64 to 1.0 mL/min.
For Use With (Application)Cation Exchange
For Use With (Equipment)Dionex IonPac CS16-4µm Standard Bore Separator Column
HydrophobicityMedium
Ion Exchange GroupCarboxylic Acid
Max. Pressure5000 psi (345 bar)
Mobile Phase CompatibilityAcidic Eluents (pH 0 to 7), 0 to 100% Acetonitrile, 0 to 100% Acetone, Alcohols Should be Avoided
Particle Size4 µm
Stationary PhaseIonPac CS16-4 µm
TypeStandard Bore Guard
Length (Metric)50 mm
Diameter (Metric)4 mm
Crosslinking55% DVB
Column ConstructionPEEK
Unit SizeEach 1
088599Full specifications
Each 14 mm150 mm3220 µeq0.64 to 1.0 mL/min.
1,433.64
Your Price:
***
Packing MaterialEthylvinylbenzene/Divinylbenzene
Column Capacity3220 µeq
Column ChemistryAcidic
Flow Rate0.64 to 1.0 mL/min.
For Use With (Application)Cation Exchange
For Use With (Equipment)Dionex IonPac CS16-Fast-4µm Standard Bore Guard Column
HydrophobicityMedium
Ion Exchange GroupCarboxylic Acid
Max. Pressure5000 psi (345 bar)
Mobile Phase CompatibilityAcidic Eluents (pH 0 to 7), 0 to 100% Acetonitrile, 0 to 100% Acetone, Alcohols Should be Avoided
Particle Size4 µm
Stationary PhaseIonPac CS16-4µm
TypeStandard Bore Separator
Length (Metric)150 mm
Diameter (Metric)4 mm
Crosslinking55% DVB
Column ConstructionPEEK
Unit SizeEach 1
088600Full specifications
Each 14 mm30 mm650 µeq0.64 to 1.0 mL/min.
473.38
Your Price:
***
Packing MaterialEthylvinylbenzene/Divinylbenzene
Column Capacity650 µeq
Column ChemistryAcidic
Flow Rate0.64 to 1.0 mL/min.
For Use With (Application)Cation Exchange
For Use With (Equipment)Dionex IonPac CS16-Fast-4µm Standard Bore Separator Column
HydrophobicityMedium
Ion Exchange GroupCarboxylic Acid
Max. Pressure5000 psi (345 bar)
Mobile Phase CompatibilityAcidic Eluents (pH 0 to 7), 0 to 100% Acetonitrile, 0 to 100% Acetone, Alcohols Should be Avoided
Particle Size4 µm
Stationary PhaseIonPac CG16-Fast-4µm
TypeStandard Bore Guard Column
Length (Metric)30 mm
Diameter (Metric)4 mm
Crosslinking55% DVB
Column ConstructionPEEK
Unit SizeEach 1
088601Full specifications
Each 12 mm150 mm800 µeq0.16 to 0.25 mL/min.
1,433.64
Your Price:
***
Packing MaterialEthylvinylbenzene/Divinylbenzene
Column Capacity800 µeq
Column ChemistryAcidic
Flow Rate0.16 to 0.25 mL/min.
For Use With (Application)Cation Exchange
For Use With (Equipment)Dionex IonPac CS16-Fast-4 µm Microbore Guard Column
HydrophobicityMedium
Ion Exchange GroupCarboxylic Acid
Max. Pressure5000 psi (345 bar)
Mobile Phase CompatibilityAcidic Eluents (pH 0 to 7), 0 to 100% Acetonitrile, 0 to 100% Acetone, Alcohols Should be Avoided
Particle Size4 µm
Stationary PhaseIonPac CS16-Fast-4µm
TypeMicrobore Separator
Length (Metric)150 mm
Diameter (Metric)2 mm
Crosslinking55% DVB
Column ConstructionPEEK
Unit SizeEach 1
088602Full specifications
Each 12 mm30 mm160 µeq0.16 to 0.25 mL/min.
473.38
Your Price:
***
Packing MaterialEthylvinylbenzene/Divinylbenzene
Column Capacity160 µeq
Column ChemistryAcidic
Flow Rate0.16 to 0.25 mL/min.
For Use With (Application)Cation Exchange
For Use With (Equipment)Dionex IonPac CS16-Fast-4µm Microbore Separator Column
HydrophobicityMedium
Ion Exchange GroupCarboxylic Acid
Max. Pressure5000 psi (345 bar)
Mobile Phase CompatibilityAcidic Eluents (pH 0 to 7), 0 to 100% Acetonitrile, 0 to 100% Acetone, Alcohols Should be Avoided
Particle Size4 µm
Stationary PhaseIonPac CG16-Fast-4µm
TypeMicrobore Guard Column
Length (Metric)30 mm
Diameter (Metric)2 mm
Crosslinking55% DVB
Column ConstructionPEEK
Unit SizeEach 1
088615Full specifications
Each 10.4 mm250 mm50 µeq0.006 to 0.010 mL/min.
1,433.64
Your Price:
***
Packing MaterialEthylvinylbenzene/Divinylbenzene
Column Capacity50 µeq
Column ChemistryAcidic
Flow Rate0.006 to 0.010 mL/min.
For Use With (Application)Cation Exchange
For Use With (Equipment)Dionex IonPac CS16-4 µm Capillary Guard Column
HydrophobicityMedium
Ion Exchange GroupCarboxylic Acid
Max. Pressure5000 psi (345 bar)
Mobile Phase CompatibilityAcidic Eluents (pH 0 to 7), 0 to 100% Acetonitrile, 0 to 100% Acetone, Alcohols Should be Avoided
Particle Size4 µm
Stationary PhaseIonPac CS16-4µm
TypeCapillary Separator
Length (Metric)250 mm
Diameter (Metric)0.4 mm
Crosslinking55% DVB
Column ConstructionPEEK
Unit SizeEach 1
088616Full specifications
Each 10.4 mm50 mm10 µeq0.006 to 0.010 mL/min.
473.38
Your Price:
***
Packing MaterialEthylvinylbenzene/Divinylbenzene
Column Capacity10 µeq
Column ChemistryAcidic
Flow Rate0.006 to 0.010 mL/min.
For Use With (Application)Cation Exchange
For Use With (Equipment)Dionex IonPac CS16-4µm Capillary Separator Column
HydrophobicityMedium
Ion Exchange GroupCarboxylic Acid
Max. Pressure5000 psi (345 bar)
Mobile Phase CompatibilityAcidic Eluents (pH 0 to 7), 0 to 100% Acetonitrile, 0 to 100% Acetone, Alcohols Should be Avoided
Particle Size4 µm
Stationary PhaseIonPac CS16-4µm
TypeCapillary Guard Column
Length (Metric)50 mm
Diameter (Metric)0.4 mm
Crosslinking55% DVB
Column ConstructionPEEK
Unit SizeEach 1
Showing 10 of 12Show more
Highest Resolution Separation of Ammonium and Sodium at Disparate Concentration Ratios up to 10,000:1 in Diverse Matrices
  • Recommended for trace-level ammonium in high concentrations of sodium without sample pretreatment
  • Recommended for trace-level sodium in high concentrations of ammonium without sample pretreatment
  • Use the 250 mm Dionex IonPac CS16-4µm for complex matrices
  • Use the 150 mm Dionex IonPac CS16-Fast-4µm for faster analyses in simple matrices.
  • Easily transfer applications from the Dionex IonPac CS16 column to the 4 µm columns due to the similar selectivity
  • High capacity facilitates injection of more concentrated samples without column overloading or peak broadening
  • Compatible with organic solvents, excluding alcohols, to enhance analyte solubility, modify column selectivity, and facilitate effective column clean-up
Use with a High-Pressure IC System

Higher resolution is achieved through the use of smaller resin particles, which produce a column backpressure over 3000 psi at the standard flow rates. A high-pressure IC system, such as the Thermo Scientific™ Dionex™ ICS-5000+ HPIC™ or the Thermo Scientific Dionex ICS-4000 Capillary HPIC system is required to operate this column under standard conditions and take advantage of elevated flow rates and faster run times.

Reduce Operating Costs With Lower Eluent Requirements

The Dionex IonPac CS16-4µm and IonPac CS16-Fast-4µm capillary columns provide the same performance as the standard bore and microbore Dionex IonPac CS16-4µm columns because they are packed with the same material. Operating costs are reduced because the capillary system operates at only 1% of the eluent flow rate of the standard bore system, requiring less eluent and producing less waste.

Multiple Formats Available for Application Flexibility
  • 4 x 250 mm, 4 x 150 mm, 2 x 250 mm, and 2 x 150 mm analytical columns
  • 4 x 50 mm, 4 x 30 mm, 2 x 50 mm, and 2 x 30 mm analytical guard columns
  • 0.4 x 250 mm and 0.4 x 150 mm capillary columns
  • 0.4 x 50 mm and 0.4 x 35 mm capillary guard columns
  • Longer 250 mm columns facilitate higher resolution separations of more complex sample matrices
  • Shorter 150 mm columns provide faster analyses of simple matrices
  • Smaller i.d. columns provide higher mass sensitivity, eluent and reagent conservation and lower operating costs
Limited warranty period: Subject to all warranty requirements and exclusions set out in our Terms and Conditions of Sale, this product is warranted from the date we ship the product and for ninety (90) days thereafter. Disclaimer to internal research use restriction: Any restrictions on the purchaser to utilize the product(s) for internal research purposes only does not apply to the product(s) on the web pages associated with this statement.

Figures

Frequently asked questions (FAQs)

Citations & References