The product of this gene belongs to the integrin beta chain family of proteins. Integrins are integral cell-surface proteins composed of an alpha chain and a beta chain. This gene encodes the integrin beta chain beta 2. A given chain may combine with multiple partners resulting in different integrins. For example, beta 2 combines with the alpha L chain to form the integrin LFA-1, and combines with the alpha M chain to form the integrin Mac-1. Integrins are known to participate in cell adhesion as well as cell-surface mediated signalling. Defects in this gene are the cause of leukocyte adhesion deficiency type I (LAD1). Two transcript variants encoding the same protein have been identified for this gene.
CD18; cell surface adhesion glycoprotein (LFA-1/CR3/P150,959 beta subunit precursor); Cell surface adhesion glycoproteins LFA-1/CR3/p150,95 subunit beta; cluster designation 18; complement component 3 receptor 3 and 4 subunit; complement receptor C3 beta-subunit; Complement receptor C3 subunit beta; integrin beta chain, beta 2; Integrin beta-2; Integrin beta-2 subunit; integrin, beta 2 (complement component 3 receptor 3 and 4 subunit); ITGB2; LAD; LCAMB; leukocyte cell adhesion molecule CD18; leukocyte-associated antigens CD18/11A, CD18/11B, CD18/11C; Lfa1; MF17
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