AKT also known as protein kinase B (PKB) or RAS-alpha, is an ubiquitous serine/threonine kinase that plays an important role in diverse biological responses such as regulation of metabolism, cell survival and growth by phosphorylating multiple proteins. This protein kinase is activated by insulin, PI3K, IGF1 and various other growth and survival factors. Akt promotes cell survival by inhibiting apoptosis through phosphorylation and inactivation of several targets, including forkhead transcription factors, and caspase-9. The AKT pathway is a major target for cancer drug discovery.
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Protein Aliases: AKT1 kinase; AKT1m; Akt1m protein; DKFZp434N0250; kinase Akt1; MGC99656; murine thymoma viral (v-akt) homolog-2; pan akt; PKB; PKB alpha; PKB beta; PKB gamma; Protein kinase Akt-2; Protein kinase Akt-3; Protein kinase B; Protein kinase B alpha; Protein kinase B beta; Protein kinase B gamma; protein kinase B, beta; protein kinase B-alpha; Proto-oncogene c-Akt; putative v-akt murine thymoma viral oncoprotein 2; rac protein kinase alpha; rac protein kinase beta; RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase; RAC-beta serine/threonine protein kinase; RAC-beta serine/threonine-protein kinase; RAC-gamma serine/threonine protein kinase; RAC-gamma serine/threonine-protein kinase; RAC-PK-alpha; RAC-PK-beta; RAC-PK-gamma; related to A and C kinases; serine-threonine protein kinase; STK-2; Thymoma viral proto-oncogene; v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog 1; v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog 2; v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog 3 (protein kinase B, gamma); v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene-like protein 1
Gene Aliases: 2410016A19Rik; AI851531; AKT; AKT1; AKT2; AKT3; AW554154; CWS6; D930002M15Rik; HIHGHH; MPPH; MPPH2; Nmf350; PKB; PKB-ALPHA; PKB-GAMMA; PKB/Akt; PKBalpha; PKBB; PKBBETA; PKBG; PRKBA; PRKBB; PRKBG; RAC; RAC-ALPHA; RAC-BETA; RAC-gamma; RAC-PK-gamma; STK-2
Molecular Function: annexin calcium-binding protein calmodulin intracellular calcium-sensing protein kinase non-receptor serine/threonine protein kinase protein kinase transfer/carrier protein transferase