RANTES is a chemoattractant for blood monocytes, memory T helper cells and eosinophils. It causes the release of histamine from basophils and activates eosinophils. It binds to CCR1, CCR3, CCR4 and CCR5 and is one of the major HIV suppressive factors produced by CD8+ T cells. Recombinant RANTES protein induces a dose dependent inhibition of different strains of HIV 1, HIV 2, and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). It is T cell and macrophage specific, induced by mitogens, and belongs to the intercrine beta (chemokine CC) family.
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Protein Aliases: beta-chemokine RANTES; C-C motif chemokine 5; chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 5; EoCP; Eosinophil chemotactic cytokine; MGC17164; OTTHUMP00000197106; RANTES(3-68); RANTES(4-68); regulated upon activation, normally T-expressed, and presumably secreted; SIS ¿¿; SIS-delta; SIS¿¿; small inducible cytokine subfamily A (Cys-Cys), member 5; Small-inducible cytokine A5; T cell-specific protein P228; T-cell specific protein p288; T-cell-specific protein RANTES; TCP228
Gene Aliases: CCL5; D17S136E; eoCP; RANTES; SCYA5; SIS-delta; SISd; TCP228
UniProt ID: (Human) P13501
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 6352