CD38 (NAD+ glycohydrolase) is a type II transmembrane glycoprotein able to induce activation, proliferation and differentiation of mature lymphocytes and mediate apoptosis of myeloid and lymphoid progenitor cells. Another role of CD38 is provided by enzymatic activity of its extracellular part. CD38 acts as NAD+ glycohydrolase converting NAD+ into ADP-ribose, as ADP-ribosyl cyclase producing cADPR and as cADPR hydrolase, thus affecting levels of calcium-mobilizing metabolites. ADPR produced by CD38 serves as an important second messenger of neutrophil and dendritic cell migration.
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Protein Aliases: 2'-phospho-ADP-ribosyl cyclase; 2'-phospho-ADP-ribosyl cyclase/2'-phospho-cyclic-ADP-ribose transferase; 2'-phospho-cyclic-ADP-ribose transferase; ADP-ribosyl cyclase 1; ADP-ribosyl cyclase/cyclic ADP-ribose hydrolase; ADP-ribosyl cyclase/cyclic ADP-ribose hydrolase 1; ADPRC 1; cADPr hydrolase 1; CD38; CD38 antigen (p45); CD38 antigen p45; cluster of differentiation 38; Cyclic ADP-ribose hydrolase 1; ecto-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide glycohydrolase; NAD(+) nucleosidase; NAD+ nucleosidase; T10
Gene Aliases: ADPRC 1; ADPRC1; CD38
UniProt ID: (Human) P28907
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 952