Description: The DX5 monoclonal antibody reacts with CD49b, an antigen expressed on a majority of mouse natural killer cells and a subset of T cells. DX5 reacts with all strains of mouse tested including the most commonly used strains, BALB/c, C57BL/6, C3H, CBA, DBA, AKR, SJL and 129. Simultaneous staining of C57BL/6 spleen cells with anti-NK1.1 mAb (PK136) and DX5 reveals coexpression of both markers by a majority of cells as well as presence of small populations of DX5^+PK136^- and DX5^-PK136^+ cells.
Applications Reported: The DX5 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis. This antibody does not block adhesion and function of NK cells, and is not useful for immunoprecipitation and immunohistochemical staining of mouse tissues.
Applications Tested: The DX5 antibody has been tested by flow cytometric analysis of mouse splenocytes. This can be used at less than or equal to 0.5 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.
Purity: Greater than 90%, as determined by SDS-PAGE.
Aggregation: Less than 10%, as determined by HPLC.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
CD49b (Integrin alpha 2, Integrin alpha 2 chain, VLA-2 alpha chain, HM alpha 2) is a member of the integrin family. It is a glycoprotein with molecular weight of 150 kD, and it complexes with CD29 (Integrin beta 1) to form the heterodimeric integrin VLA-2 (integrin alpha 2 beta 1, or GPIa/IIa) complex. VLA-2 is an extracellular receptor for laminin, collagen, and fibronectin, and interaction with its ligands results in the activation of intracellular signaling pathways. It has reported roles in VEGF-induced angiogenesis in vivo, as well as adhesion and lymphocyte activation. CD49b is expressed by NK cells, NK-T cells, monocytes, platelets, and epithelial cells. It is also expressed on adaptive immune cells such as T and B cells, specifically on a subset of CD4+ T cells in the spleen, on intraepithelial and lamina propria lymphocytes in the intestine, as well as on a population of peripheral CD4+ type 1 T regulatory (Tr1) cells that co-express LAG-3.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: BDPLT9; CD49 antigen-like family member B; CD49b; Collagen receptor; GPIa; Integrin alpha-2; Platelet membrane glycoprotein Ia; VLA-2 receptor, alpha 2 subunit; VLA-2 subunit alpha; VLA2 receptor
Gene Aliases: CD49B; DX5; Itga2
UniProt ID: (Mouse) Q62469
Entrez Gene ID: (Mouse) 16398