Peptide sequence: LDFISIMTYD FHGAWRGTTG HHSPLFRGQE DASPDRFSNT DYAVGYMLRL
Sequence homology: Cow: 92%; Dog: 77%; Goat: 92%; Human: 100%; Pig: 92%; Rabbit: 100%; Rat: 77%
Human cartilage glycoprotein 39 (GP-39), also known as YKL-40, is a glycoprotein secreted by articular chondrocytes, synoviocytes and macrophages. Serum and synovial fluid GP-39 levels are elevated in inflammatory diseases and correlate with the degree of joint destruction in rheumatoid arthritis. GP-39 is expressed in articular chondrocytes and synovial cells, as well as in liver, but is undetectable in muscle tissues, lung, pancreas, mononuclear cells and fibroblasts. GP-39 is a candidate autoantigen in rheumatoid arthritis and is important in the capacity of cells to respond to and cope with changes in their environment.
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Protein Aliases: 39 kDa synovial protein; Cartilage glycoprotein 39; CGP-39; CGP39; Chitinase 3 like protein 1CGP 39; chitinase 3-like 1 (cartilage glycoprotein-39); Chitinase-3-like protein 1; DKFZp686N19119; FLJ38139; hCGP39; YKL-40
Gene Aliases: ASRT7; CGP-39; CHI3L1; GP-39; GP39; HC-gp39; hCGP-39; HCGP-3P; YKL-40; YKL40; YYL-40
UniProt ID: (Human) P36222
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 1116
Molecular Function: glycosidase