CYP1B1 is a 543 amino acid intracellular protein localized to the endoplasmic reticulum. It belongs to the cytochrome P450 super family of enzymes which are monooxygenases and it catalyzes many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This enzyme metabolizes procarcinogens such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and 17beta-estradiol and is also involved in the metabolism of substances active in the eye growth and differentiation and hence plays a putative role in ocular development. Mutated proteins are known to cause primary congenital glaucoma.
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Protein Aliases: aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase; CP1B; CYPIB1; cytochrome P450; Cytochrome P450 1B1; cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily B, polypeptide 1; cytochrome P450, subfamily I (dioxin-inducible), polypeptide 1 (glaucoma 3, primary infantile); flavoprotein-linked monooxygenase; GLC3A; Hydroperoxy icosatetraenoate dehydratase; microsomal monooxygenase; P4501B1; polypeptide 1 (glaucoma 3; primary infantile); subfamily I (dioxin-inducible); xenobiotic monooxygenase
Gene Aliases: CP1B; CYP1B1; CYPIB1; GLC3A; P4501B1
UniProt ID: (Human) Q16678
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 1545