A suggested positive control is human heart tissue lysate.
PA5-20033 can be used with blocking peptide PEP-0152.
Three distinct signaling pathways lead to programmed cell death (apoptosis). The death receptor and mitochondrion pathways are the mains, in which the key apoptotic proteases capase-8 and caspase-9, respectively, are involved. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is the third apoptotic pathway and caspase-12 is involved. Caspase-12 is localized to the ER but not to cytoplasm or mitochondrion. Caspase-12 is activated by ER stress, including disruption of ER calcium homeostasis, and mediates ER stress-induced apoptosis. Caspase-12 is co-localized to the ER with several proteins that are involved in Alzheimer's disease including -gamma-secretase presenilin and beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP). Caspase-12 mediates cytotoxicity induced by amyloid-beta. Caspase-12 is ubiquitously expressed in mouse tissues.
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Protein Aliases: CASP-12; caspase 12 pseudogene 1; Caspase-12; Inactive caspase-12; OTTMUSP00000045799; OTTMUSP00000045802; OTTMUSP00000045803; UNQ9415
Gene Aliases: CASP-12; CASP12; CASP12P1; UNQ9415/PRO34398