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FAS (Fas, CD95, APO-1) is a 46 kDa transmembrane glycoprotein that functions as a cell death receptor of the TNFR (tumor necrosis factor receptor) superfamily. FAS also exists in a soluble form that weight approximately 26kDa. Stimulation of FAS results in aggregation of its intracellular FAS-associated death domains (FADD), formation of the death-inducing signaling complex (DISC) and activation of caspases. The auto-proteolytic processing of the caspases in the complex trigger a downstream cascade that leads to apoptosis. FAS has been shown to activate NF-kappaB, MAPK3/ERK1, MAPK8/JNK, and is involved in transducing the proliferating signals in normal diploid fibroblast and T cells. At least eight alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding seven distinct isoforms have been described. The isoforms lacking the transmembrane domain may negatively regulate the apoptosis mediated by the full-length isoform. The Fas/Fas ligand system has been shown to play a role in a number of human diseases such as AIDS, hepatitis and cancer. It is also assumed that induction of apoptosis through FAS ligand pathway is predominantly involved in anti-viral immune responses.
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Protein Aliases: Apo-1 antigen; APO-1 cell surface antigen; Apo-1 Fas; Apo1 antigen; apoptosis antigen 1; apoptosis signaling receptor FAS; Apoptosis-mediating surface antigen FAS; CD95; CD95 antigen; Fas (TNF receptor superfamily, member 6); Fas AMA; FASLG receptor; OTTHUMP00000020045; OTTHUMP00000020046; OTTHUMP00000020051; OTTHUMP00000059646; TNF receptor superfamily member 6; Tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 6; tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, member 6
Gene Aliases: ALPS1A; APO-1; APT1; CD95; FAS; FAS1; FASTM; TNFRSF6
UniProt ID: (Human) P25445
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 355
Molecular Function: transmembrane signal receptor