Eukaryotic cells contain 3 different types of prenyltransferases that attach either a farnesyl group (15 carbons) or a geranylgeranyl group (20 carbons) in thioether linkage to C-terminal cysteine residues in a variety of proteins. These posttranslational modifications provide a mechanism for membrane localization of proteins that lack a transmembrane domain. CAAX farnesyltransferase (FTase) attaches a farnesyl group from farnesyl pyrophosphate to cysteine residues at the fourth position from the C terminus of proteins that end in the CAAX box, where C is cysteine, A is usually but not always an aliphatic amino acid, and X is typically methionine or serine. This enzyme has the ability to farnesylate peptides as short as 4 residues in length that conform to the CAAX consensus sequence. The gene for the beta subunit of CAAX farnesyltransferase (FNTB) has been pinpointed to 14q23-q24 by Southern blot hybridization and PCR analyses of panels of human/Chinese hamster somatic cell hybrid lines and by fluorescence chromosomal in situ hybridization.
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Protein Aliases: CAAX farnesyltransferase subunit beta; EC 18.104.22.168; farnesyltransferase beta subunit; ft beta; FTase beta; FTase-beta; Protein farnesyltransferase subunit beta; Ras proteins prenyltransferase subunit beta
Gene Aliases: 2010013E13Rik; AA409500; FNTB; FPTB
Molecular Function: acyltransferase