Store vial at 4° C prior to restoration. For extended storage aliquot contents and freeze at -20° C or below. Avoid cycles of freezing and thawing. Centrifuge product if not completely clear after standing at room temperature. This product is stable for several weeks at 4° C as an undiluted liquid. Dilute only prior to immediate use.
In ELISA and other immunoreactive assays, this antibody will recognize both native and recombinant human GM-CSF in cell supernatants and certain body fluids. This antibody is useful for neutralization of human GM-CSF in bioassays. For neutralization, it is recommended to incubate the sample with a 1:400 dilution of the antiserum for at least 4 hours before being tested. A control of similarly diluted normal rabbit IgG is recommended.
The GM-CSF gene encodes for a cytokine that regulates the production, differentiation, and function of macrophages and granulocytes. The active form of the protein exists as a homodimer in the extracellular space. This gene is located in a cluster of related genes at the chromosome region 5q31, which has been associated with interstitial deletions in the 5q- syndrome and acute myelogenous leukemia. Other genes in the cluster include interleukins 4, 5, and 13. The gene is involved in promoting tissue inflammation. Elevated levels of cytokines, including the one produced by this gene, have been observed in SARS-CoV-2 infected patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Mice that lack this gene or its receptor have been shown to develop pulmonary alveolar proteinosis.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: colony stimulating factor 2 (granulocyte-macrophage); Colony-stimulating factor; CSF; GM-CSF; granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor; granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor; Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor; M-GM-CSF; MGC131935; MGC138897; MGC151255; MGC151257; Molgramostin; Sargramostim
Gene Aliases: CSF2; GMCSF
UniProt ID: (Human) P04141
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 1437
Molecular Function: cytokine