Guanylate cyclases belong to the adenylyl cyclase class-4/guanylyl cyclase family. There are two forms of guanylate cyclase, a soluble form (GCS or sGC), which act as receptors for nitric oxide and a membrane-bound receptor form (GC), which are peptide hormone receptors. The GC-C protein is composed of an extracellular domain, a single transmembrane domain, and a cytoplasmic region consisting of a kinase-like domain and a catalytic domain. It is expressed as two differentially glycosylated forms, a 130 kDa precursor form present in the endoplasmic reticulum and a 145 kDa form present on the plasma membrane. Ligand binding to the extracellular domain of GC-C promotes the accumulation of cGMP. GC-C acts as the receptor for heatstable enterotoxins, small peptides secreted by some pathogenic strains of E. coli that cause severe secretory diarrhea. GC-C also binds to guanylin and uroguanylin peptides, which modulate renal function in response to oral salt load.
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Protein Aliases: beta 1 sGC; GC S beta 1; GC SB3; GCS beta 1; GCS beta 3; GCS-beta-1; GCS-beta-3; guanylate cyclase 1, soluble, beta 3; Guanylate cyclase soluble subunit beta-1; Guanylate cyclase soluble subunit beta-3; guanylate cyclase, soluble, beta 1; GUC1B3; GUCB3; GUCSB3; GUCY1B1; GUCY1B3; NO-sensitive guanylyl cyclase beta 1 subunit; soluble guanylate cyclase beta-1 subunit; Soluble guanylate cyclase small subunit
Gene Aliases: GC-S-beta-1; GC-SB3; GCbeta1; GUC1B3; GUCB3; GUCSB3; GUCY1B1; GUCY1B3; SGC