A suggested positive control is Raji cell lysate.
PA5-20343 can be used with blocking peptide PEP-0463.
Cell-mediated immune responses are initiated by T lymphocytes that are themselves stimulated by cognate peptides bound to MHC molecules on antigen-presenting cells (APC). T-cell activation is generally self-limited as activated T cells express receptors such as PD-1 (also known as PDCD-1) that mediate inhibitory signals from the APC. PD-1 can bind two different but related ligands, PDL-1 and PDL-2. PDL-1 is a B7-related protein that inhibits cell-mediated immune responses by reducing the secretion of IL-2 and IL-10 from memory T cells. This suggests that PDL-1 may be useful in reducing allogenic CD4+ memory T-cell responses to endothelial cells, thereby reducing the likelihood of host immune responses to allografts. At least two isoforms of PDL-1 are known to exist; this antibody is specific to the larger isoform. PDL-1 antibody has no cross-reactivity to PDL-2.
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Protein Aliases: B7 homolog 1; B7-H; B7-H1; B7H1; CD274; CD274 antigen; PD-L1; PDCD1 ligand 1; PDCD1L1; PDCD1LG1; PDL1; Programmed cell death 1 ligand 1; Programmed death ligand 1
Gene Aliases: A530045L16Rik; B7-H; B7H1; CD274; PD-L1; PDCD1L1; PDCD1LG1; PDL1; RGD1566211