Recommended positive controls: A431, HeLa, Mouse heart.
Predicted reactivity: Mouse (97%), Rat (96%), Chicken (87%), Rhesus Monkey (98%), Bovine (97%).
Store product as a concentrated solution. Centrifuge briefly prior to opening the vial.
Apoptosis, also known as programmed cell death, plays major roles in development and normal tissue turnover in addition to tumor formation. During this process, the expression patterns of numerous genes are radically altered. One such gene is the programmed cell death protein 4 (PDCD4), whose expression was found to be upregulated in all cell lines following the onset of apoptosis. PDCD4 encodes a tumor suppressor protein whose expression is lost in carcinomas of breast, colon, lung and prostate. It can bind to and inhibit the helicase activity of the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4A and inhibit the transactivation and transformation mediated by the transcription factor AP-1. The kinase Akt regulates PDCD4 by phosphorylation, decreasing the ability of PDCD4 to interfere with the transactivation of AP-1-responsive promoter by c-Jun. There are two known isoforms of PDCD4.
⚠WARNING: This product can expose you to chemicals including mercury, which is known to the State of California to cause birth defects or other reproductive harm. For more information go to www.P65Warnings.ca.gov.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: MGC33046; MGC33047; Neoplastic transformation inhibitor protein; nuclear antigen H731; Nuclear antigen H731-like; Programmed cell death protein 4; Protein 197/15a; Protein MA-3; RP11-348N5.4; Topoisomerase-inhibitor suppressed protein
Gene Aliases: D19Ucla1; H731; Ma3; PDCD4; Tis