This gene encodes a member of the phospholipase C family, which catalyze the hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4, 5-bisphosphate to generate the second messengers diacylglycerol and inositol 1, 4, 5-trisphosphate (IP3). Diacylglycerol and IP3 mediate a variety of cellular responses to extracellular stimuli by inducing protein kinase C and increasing cytosolic Ca(2+) concentrations. This enzyme localizes to the plasma membrane and requires calcium for activation. Its activity is inhibited by spermine, sphingosine, and several phospholipids.
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Protein Aliases: 1-phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate phosphodiesterase delta-3; 1-phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate phosphodiesterase delta-3; Phosphoinositide phospholipase C-delta-3; phospholipase C, delta 3; Phospholipase C-delta-3; PLC delta3; PLC-delta-3
Gene Aliases: 2610205J15Rik; KIAA1964; mKIAA1964; PLC-delta-3; PLCD3
Molecular Function: phospholipase