This antibody is predicted to react with non-human primate, mouse and rat based on sequence homology.
Intact IgG appears on a non-reducing gel as ~150 kDa band and upon reduction generating a ~25 kDa light chain band and a ~50 kDa heavy chain.
Recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibodies are produced using in vitro expression systems. The expression systems are developed by cloning in the specific antibody DNA sequences from immunoreactive rabbits. Then, individual clones are screened to select the best candidates for production. The advantages of using recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibodies include: better specificity and sensitivity, lot-to-lot consistency, animal origin-free formulations, and broader immunoreactivity to diverse targets due to larger rabbit immune repertoire.
INSR (insulin receptor, IR) is a heterodimeric protein complex that has an intracellular beta subunit and an extracellular alpha subunit, which is disulfide- linked to a transmembrane segment. The insulin ligand binds to the IR and initiates molecular signaling pathways that promote glucose uptake in cells and glycogen synthesis. Insulin binding to IR induces phosphorylation of intracellular tyrosine kinase domains and recruitment of multiple SH2 and SH3 domain-containing intracellular proteins that serve as signaling intermediates for pleiotropic effects of insulin. INSR and IGF-1 receptors share major structural and functional similarity. The earliest cellular response to insulin stimulation is autophosphorylation of tyrosine in INSR. In humans, the INSR gene is located on chromosome 19. Defects in INSR are the cause of various insulin resistance syndromes and IGF-1R defects may also cause some forms of growth retardation.
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Protein Aliases: CD 220; CD220; CD220 antigen; CD220 beta; HHF 5; Insulin receptor; Insulin receptor subunit alpha; Insulin receptor subunit beta; IR; IR 1; IR beta; IR-1; IR1
Gene Aliases: CD220; HHF5; INSR
UniProt ID: (Human) P06213
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 3643
Molecular Function: transmembrane signal receptor