Description: The STA monoclonal antibody reacts with human CD106 (Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1, VCAM-1), a 110 kDa transmembrane glycoprotein expressed by myeloid lineage and bone marrow stromal cells. Endothelial cells constitutively express low levels of CD106 and upregulate it upon cytokine stimulation. CD106 binds to Integrin alpha4beta1 (VLA-4, CD49d/CD29) and Integrin alpha4beta7 (LPAM-1). Cytokine-mediated upregulation of CD106 on endothelial cells suggests a role for this antigen in the inflammatory response.
Applications Reported: STA has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis, and immunohistochemical staining of frozen tissue sections.
Applications Tested: The STA antibody has been tested by flow cytometric analysis of TNF alpha-activated HUVEC cells. This can be used at less than or equal to 1 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.
Purity: Greater than 90%, as determined by SDS-PAGE.
Aggregation: Less than 10%, as determined by HPLC.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
This gene is a member of the Ig superfamily and encodes a cell surface sialoglycoprotein expressed by cytokine-activated endothelium. This type I membrane protein mediates leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesion and signal transduction, and may play a role in the development of artherosclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis. Two alternatively spliced transcripts encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: CD106; CD106 antigen; DKFZp779G2333; INCAM-100; MGC99561; V-CAM 1; Vascular cell adhesion protein 1
Gene Aliases: CD106; INCAM-100; VCAM1
UniProt ID: (Human) P19320
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 7412
Molecular Function: G-protein coupled receptor cell adhesion molecule cytokine receptor defense/immunity protein hydrolase immunoglobulin receptor superfamily immunoglobulin superfamily cell adhesion molecule phosphatase protein phosphatase receptor