DNP (2,4-dinitrophenol) is a toxic dye, chemically related to trinitrophenol (picric acid). It is used in biochemical studies of oxidative processes where it uncouples oxidative phosphorylation and is also used as a metabolic stimulant. 2,4-Dinitrophenol is used in the manufacture of dyes, wood preservatives, and as a pesticide. The acute (short-term) effects of 2,4-dinitrophenol in humans through oral exposure are nausea, vomiting, sweating, dizziness, headaches, and loss of weight. Chronic (long-term) oral exposure to 2,4-dinitrophenol in humans has resulted in the formation of cataracts and skin lesions, weight loss, and has caused effects on the bone marrow, central nervous system (CNS), and cardiovascular system. [National Center for Biotechnology Information. PubChem Compound Database; CID=1493].
C6H3N2O4; C6H4N2O5; Dinitrophenol; DNP
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