Find educational resources available for bacterial transformation–covering the basics, workflow, considerations, competent cell selection by applications, and troubleshooting.

Bacterial transformation basics

Learn about the history and basics of bacterial transformation.

Bacterial transformation workflow

Review the main steps of bacterial transformation workflow.

Key considerations in choosing competent cells

Find important considerations in choosing competent cells.

Competent cell selection by applications

Discover how to select competent cells suitable for your applications.

Transformation troubleshooting guide

Find troubleshoot tips for common issues in bacterial transformation.

Genotypes and genetic markers of competent cells

View the genotypes of Invitrogen competent cells and descriptions of their genetic markers.

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