Mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a serine/threonine protein kinase which is a central regulator of cellular metabolism, growth, and survival in response to hormones, growth factors, nutrients, energy, and stress signals. mTOR directly or indirectly regulates the phosphorylation of at least 800 proteins, and functions as part of 2 structurally and functionally distinct signaling complexes, mTORC1 and mTORC2 (mTOR complex 1 and 2). Activated mTORC1 up-regulates protein synthesis by phosphorylating key regulators of mRNA translation and ribosome synthesis. As part of the mTORC2 complex, mTOR regulates cellular processes including survival and organization of the cytoskeleton. It plays a critical role in the phosphorylation at Ser-473 of AKT1. Mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) contains mTOR, MLST8, RPTOR, AKT1S1/PRAS40 and DEPTOR. mTORC2 contains MTOR, MLST8, PRR5, RICTOR, MAPKAP1 and DEPTOR. Due to its central role in celliular signaling, mTOR is associated with a vast array of diseases, including many cancers, inflammation, cellular growth, and metabolic disorders.
angiopoietin-like factor CDT6; FK506 binding protein 12-rapamycin associated protein 1; FK506 binding protein 12-rapamycin associated protein 2; FK506-binding protein 12-rapamycin complex-associated protein 1; FKBP-rapamycin associated protein; FKBP-rapamycin associated protein (FRAP); FKBP-rapamycin-associated protein FRAP; FKBP12-rapamycin complex-associated protein; FKBP12-rapamycin complex-associated protein 1; FRAP1; FRAP2; Mammalian target of rapamycin; Mechanistic target of rapamycin; mechanistic target of rapamycin (serine/threonine kinase); mTOR; mTORC1; RAFT1; Rapamycin and FKBP12 target 1; rapamycin and FKBP12 target-1 protein; rapamycin associated protein FRAP2; Rapamycin target protein 1; RAPT1; Serine/threonine-protein kinase mTOR
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