Exosome Research Products

Exosomes are small (30–150 nm) vesicles containing sophisticated RNA and protein cargo, that are constantly secreted by all cells in vitro and in vivo. Exosomes have many intriguing functions within human body, including intercellular communication and signaling. These extracellular vesicles have become the focus of exponentially growing interest, both aimed at understanding their biological functions, and using them towards practical applications such as development of non-invasive diagnostics and advanced therapeutics.

We offer an array of products and tools and for exosome isolation, characterization, and analysis of their RNA and protein content, as well as in vitro and in vivo tracing to help you further the understanding of these fascinating entities.

Products for exosome research

Total exosome isolation

Ultracentrifugation protocols can be tedious and time consuming. Now you can easily isolate intact exosomes from cell culture media or any body fluid using the flexible and scalable Total Exosome Isolation reagents. These products and accompanying protocols are ideal for a wide range of experiments, including processing low sample volumes and handling multiple samples.

Total exosome isolation

Isolation of exosome subpopulations

Total exosomes enriched from cell culture (by using the Total Exosome Isolation reagents or ultracentrifugation) can be further purified into specific subpopulations by immunomagnetic capture. Use the Dynabeads-based CD9, CD63, CD81, or EpCam-specific reagent, or combine the Streptavidin reagent with your choice of a biotinylated antibody to purify any population based on a surface antigen.

Isolation of exosome subpopulations

Analysis of exosomes is very challenging due to their small size of 30-150 nm. There are a few methods, though, which can be used for analysis.

  • NanoSight instrument—Exosomes recovered with Total Exosome Isolation reagent can be sized and counted using a NanoSight instrument. Alternative tools are available from ParticleMetrix, Izon and Malvern.

  • Light microscopy—Exosomal RNA or membrane components can be labeled, allowing for visualization of exosomes under the microscope. Invitrogen specialized spin columns are available to remove unincorporated dye. These columns also allow for rapid buffer exchange, desalting or removal of low molecular weight (< MW 3000) contaminants.

  • Electron microscopy (EM)—One of the advantages of using Invitrogen Dynabeads magnetic separation technology to pull out pure exosomal sub-populations is that you can directly perform the EM analysis. You can analyze subsets from total exosomes enriched from cell culture using Invitrogen CD9, CD63, CD81, or EpCam-specific reagent, or use the Invitrogen Streptavidin reagent in combination with your choice of biotinylated antibody.

  • Flow cytometry—Immunomagnetic capture of exosomes on the surface of the Dynabeads allow for a clear and defined FFC/SSC detection typically in less than one hour. You can analyze subsets from total exosomes enriched from cell culture using the CD63-specific reagent, or use the Streptavidin reagent in combination with your choice of biotinylated antibody.

 

Exosomes have been shown to transport a range of molecules between different cell types. Their cargo includes various proteins, mRNA (fragments and full length), rRNA, tRNA, miRNA, and ncRNA.

  • RNA & protein isolation—Purification of total RNA, or recovery of both protein and RNA from the same sample of pre-enriched exosomes can be achieved using the Invitrogen Total Exosome RNA and Protein Isolation Kit. The kit is compatible with all protocols for exosome isolation.

  • Protein analysis—Specific monoclonal antibodies (CD9, CD63 and CD81) allow for detection of cellular and exosomal antigens by Western blot analysis. If you are looking to compare multiple protein samples on the same gel and want to keep exosomal protein complexes intact, you should check out the fast and gentle Dynabeads-based immunoprecipitation method using Invitrogen Protein A or Protein G in combination with your primary antibody of choice.

  • RNA analysis—Exosomal RNA and membrane components can be labeled using fluorescent dyes, while unincorporated dye can be easily depleted with Invitrogen spin columns. Exosomal RNA recovered using the Total Exosome RNA and Protein Isolation Kit can be analyzed by qRT-PCR using Applied Biosystems TaqMan Assays, RNA sequencing, or next-generation sequencing tools. Exosomal RNA and membrane components can be labeled using fluorescent dyes, while unincorporated dye can be removed by using Invitrogen spin columns.

 

Gibco Exosome-Depleted FBS significantly outperforms existing exosome-depleted FBS products on the market.

Gibco Exosome-Depleted FBS outperforms all other products on the market.

  • ≥90% of exosomes depleted
  • Cell culture testing of every lot
  • Specially developed for exosome research

Learn more about Gibco Exosome-Depleted FBS

Total exosome isolation

Ultracentrifugation protocols can be tedious and time consuming. Now you can easily isolate intact exosomes from cell culture media or any body fluid using the flexible and scalable Total Exosome Isolation reagents. These products and accompanying protocols are ideal for a wide range of experiments, including processing low sample volumes and handling multiple samples.

Total exosome isolation

Isolation of exosome subpopulations

Total exosomes enriched from cell culture (by using the Total Exosome Isolation reagents or ultracentrifugation) can be further purified into specific subpopulations by immunomagnetic capture. Use the Dynabeads-based CD9, CD63, CD81, or EpCam-specific reagent, or combine the Streptavidin reagent with your choice of a biotinylated antibody to purify any population based on a surface antigen.

Isolation of exosome subpopulations

Analysis of exosomes is very challenging due to their small size of 30-150 nm. There are a few methods, though, which can be used for analysis.

  • NanoSight instrument—Exosomes recovered with Total Exosome Isolation reagent can be sized and counted using a NanoSight instrument. Alternative tools are available from ParticleMetrix, Izon and Malvern.

  • Light microscopy—Exosomal RNA or membrane components can be labeled, allowing for visualization of exosomes under the microscope. Invitrogen specialized spin columns are available to remove unincorporated dye. These columns also allow for rapid buffer exchange, desalting or removal of low molecular weight (< MW 3000) contaminants.

  • Electron microscopy (EM)—One of the advantages of using Invitrogen Dynabeads magnetic separation technology to pull out pure exosomal sub-populations is that you can directly perform the EM analysis. You can analyze subsets from total exosomes enriched from cell culture using Invitrogen CD9, CD63, CD81, or EpCam-specific reagent, or use the Invitrogen Streptavidin reagent in combination with your choice of biotinylated antibody.

  • Flow cytometry—Immunomagnetic capture of exosomes on the surface of the Dynabeads allow for a clear and defined FFC/SSC detection typically in less than one hour. You can analyze subsets from total exosomes enriched from cell culture using the CD63-specific reagent, or use the Streptavidin reagent in combination with your choice of biotinylated antibody.

 

Exosomes have been shown to transport a range of molecules between different cell types. Their cargo includes various proteins, mRNA (fragments and full length), rRNA, tRNA, miRNA, and ncRNA.

  • RNA & protein isolation—Purification of total RNA, or recovery of both protein and RNA from the same sample of pre-enriched exosomes can be achieved using the Invitrogen Total Exosome RNA and Protein Isolation Kit. The kit is compatible with all protocols for exosome isolation.

  • Protein analysis—Specific monoclonal antibodies (CD9, CD63 and CD81) allow for detection of cellular and exosomal antigens by Western blot analysis. If you are looking to compare multiple protein samples on the same gel and want to keep exosomal protein complexes intact, you should check out the fast and gentle Dynabeads-based immunoprecipitation method using Invitrogen Protein A or Protein G in combination with your primary antibody of choice.

  • RNA analysis—Exosomal RNA and membrane components can be labeled using fluorescent dyes, while unincorporated dye can be easily depleted with Invitrogen spin columns. Exosomal RNA recovered using the Total Exosome RNA and Protein Isolation Kit can be analyzed by qRT-PCR using Applied Biosystems TaqMan Assays, RNA sequencing, or next-generation sequencing tools. Exosomal RNA and membrane components can be labeled using fluorescent dyes, while unincorporated dye can be removed by using Invitrogen spin columns.

 

Gibco Exosome-Depleted FBS significantly outperforms existing exosome-depleted FBS products on the market.

Gibco Exosome-Depleted FBS outperforms all other products on the market.

  • ≥90% of exosomes depleted
  • Cell culture testing of every lot
  • Specially developed for exosome research

Learn more about Gibco Exosome-Depleted FBS

Documentary mini-series: "Exosomes-The Next Small Thing"

Video presentation: RNA Profiling of Exosomes

Presentation by Thermo Fisher Scientific scientist Sasha Vlassov. Includes a Q&A session following the presentation.

Selected publications

Resources

Related videos